• Stoneware with olive-green glaze
  • 5 x 7.8 x 7.8 cm
  • Kalong ware
  • 14th-16th century, Ayutthaya period
  • Origin: Kalong kilns, Chiang Rai province, Thailand
  • Gift of Dean Frasché
  • F1989.32


Small jar with everted rim, eliptical body, and flat base.
Clay: coarse, medium-brown stoneware.
Glaze: olive-green, thin, dull luster, ending above beveled edge of foot; interior unglazed.
Decoration: none.
Mark: none.

Curatorial Remarks

1.  (L.A. Cort, April 1991) According to Bob Retka, 28 August 1990, this is more likely a product of the Phan kilns. The neck appears to have been repaired.

2.  (Louise Cort, 13 July 1995) "Historical Region: Lan Na," "Ware: Kalong," and "Region/city: Chiang Mai province, Wieng Papao" added to attribution.

3.  (Louise Cort, 18 January 2008) In her paper for the 35th annual meeting of the Toyo Toji Gakkai, 17–18 November 2007, Yajima Ritsuko reconsidered the dates for the activity of the Kalong kilns based on comparison of form, shaping, and decoration to Chinese ceramics, notably the popular kilns in 15th century Jingdezhen with regard to iron-decorated wares and Ming-period celadon with regard to green-glazed wares.

"It appears that the Si Satchanalai and Sukhothai kilns in central Thailand made great strides during the second half of the 14th century, and the impact of Yuan period Longquan celadon and Jingdezhen blue-and-white is evident. In contrast, the Kalong kilns, with their central role among the kilns of northern Thailand, appear to have been influenced by the forms of Ming ceramics anywhere from half a century to a century later. During the second half of the 15th century, the Lanna kingdom sent envoys to China, leading to closer connections between the two, and this may bear a relationship to the start of the influx of Chinese ceramics into northern Thailand."

She concludes that the earliest possible activity was at least 14th century (by comparison with kiln stacking procedures also used at early Si Satchanalai kilns), while the latest may have been early 17th century (based on the existence of white Kalong-ware pipe bowls, used for tobacco that was introduced into Southeast Asia from the New World circa 1600). (Yajima 2007, 3–4).

Yajima Ritsuko. 2007. "Tai no tetsu-e—Karonyō no katsudo nendai wo meguru kosatsu [Thai iron-painted decoration—a thought about the dating of activity at the Kalong kilns]." Paper read at Tōyō Tōji Gakkai dai 35 kai taikai kenkyū happyō yōshi [Outline of research reports for the 35th annual meeting of the Oriental Ceramics Society], 17–18 November, at Tokyo.

4. (Najiba Choudhury, 10/28/2014) Transferred from the Provenance text field: "Collected by the donor at Kalong, Thailand, in 1962."

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