Ceramics in Mainland Southeast Asia:
Collections in the Freer Gallery of Art and Arthur M. Sackler Gallery

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Jar

  • Stoneware with iron pigment under clear glaze
  • 3.3 x 4.1 cm
  • Sawankhalok ware
  • 16th century, Ayutthaya period
  • Origin: Sawankhalok kilns, Si Satchanalai, Sukhothai province, North-central Thailand
  • Provenance: Sukhothai, Sukhothai province, Thailand
  • Gift of Dean Frasché
  • F1989.43

Description

Small jar with conical neck, flattened body, and flat base.
Clay: buff with black speckles.
Glaze: clear, lustrous, reaching to near foot; interior and base unglazed.
Decoration: in underglaze iron; wide single line around neck below rim; triple line around shoulder and triple line below midpoint of body defining panel of overlapping petal motifs.
Mark: none.

Curatorial Remarks

1. (L.A. Cort, 1 August 1995) "Sukhothai province, Si Satchanalai" added to attribution and date changed from "13th–15th century" to "15th–16th century."

2. (Louise Cort, 15 January 2007) Si Satchanalai small jars of this type, with bands of scallops painted around the shoulder in iron pigment, were recovered from the Ko Kradat shipwreck in the Gulf of Thailand (Green et al. 1981, 13, type 5A). On the evidence of a Jiajing reign mark on a Chinese ceramic found on the wreck, the wreck is dated to the second half of the 16th century. That, plus the strong resemblance to Zhangzhou ware jars of that date (see F1986.37), suggests a date to the 16th century for this jar.

Changed Date from 15th–16th century to 16th century.

Green, Jeremy, Rosemary Harper, and S. Prishanchittara. 1981. The Excavation of the Ko Kradat Wreck site Thailand 1979–1980. Perth: Department of Maritime Archaeology, Western Australia Museum.

3. (Louise Cort, 20 May 2008) Based on her research on shipwrecks, Roxanna Brown dates iron-decorated boxes from the Si Satchanalai kilns to the sixteenth century (circa 1520–1570/84) and describes them as the most common shape of that period (Brown 2004).

Brown, Roxanna Maude. 2004. "The Ming Gap and Shipwreck Ceramics in Southeast Asia". Ph.D. Dissertation, Department of Art History, University of California, Los Angeles.

4. (R. Anderson per J. Smith, Oct 12, 2010) Transfer of remark from Provenance Field: "Collected by the donor at a shop in Sukhothai, Thailand, in 1964."


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