Bottle with incised decoration

  • Stoneware with celadon glaze
  • 21.3 x 12.1 x 12.1 cm
  • Sawankhalok ware
  • late 15th-16th century, Ayutthaya period
  • Origin: Ban Ko Noi kilns, Si Satchanalai, Sukhothai province, Thailand
  • Provenance: Probably Indonesia
  • Gift of Ken J.J. Baars
  • F1991.45


Bottle with green glaze.

Curatorial Remarks

1. (Louise Cort, 2 August 2005) In conversation at the Asian Ceramics Conference at the Field Museum, Chicago, in October 1998, Don Hein remarked that the celadon vessels with cross-hatch decoration appear to be generally domestic ware; they were made at the Ko Noi kilns. (Carved celadons were made at the Pa Yang kilns.) They seem to come late in the sequence, and some are found fused to white and brown-glazed vessels. Examples are found on the Ko Samui shipwreck in association with Chinese export blue-and-white.

2. (Louise Cort, 5 September 2006) Si Satchanalai ware celadon-glazed bowls with incised cross-hatching on the interior, recovered from the Samui shipwreck (1984), off Ko Samui on the eastern coast of the isthmus, are attributed to the Ban Pa Yang kilns and dated 15th–16th century (Sāyan et al. eds. 1990, 28, 50–51, nos. 46, 49–50). Small gourd-shaped celadon-glazed bottles recovered from the same shipwreck are attributed only to Si Satchanalai, not to a specific kiln group (ibid., 30 and 51, nos. 56–57).

Sāyan Phraichānčhit (Sayan Prishanchit), Siriphan Yapsanthīa (Siriphan Yapsanthea), and ʻAtcharā Khǣngsārikit, eds. 1990. Khrư̄angthūai čhāk thalē (Ceramics from the Gulf of Thailand). Vol. 2, Bōrānnakhadī sī khrām (Underwater Archaeology in Thailand). Bangkok: Krom Sinlapākǭn (Fine Arts Department).

3. (Louise Cort, 17 February 2008) According to Roxanna Brown's research on shipwrecks, this decorative format of crosshatching incised with a comb tool first appears in combination with a thinner, somewhat yellowish celadon glaze, on Sawankhalok vessels recovered from shipwrecks dating from the late 15th century and continues into the 16th century. These products are associated by excavations with the kilns at Ban Pa Yang (Brown 2004, 72).

Changed Date from 15th–16th century to Late 15th–16th century.

Brown, Roxanna Maude. 2004. "The Ming Gap and Shipwreck Ceramics in Southeast Asia." Ph.D. Dissertation, Department of Art History, University of California, Los Angeles.

4. (Najiba Choudhury, Nov 11, 2014) Transferred from the Provenance text field: "From Ken J.J. Baars private collection, acquired from a private source in Southeast Asia between 1966 and 1970 while he was working on geophysical fieldwork for the Royal Dutch Shell Company. It was shipped to Holland in 1970 with the rest of his collection when his contract with the Brunei Shell Company ended."

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