• Stoneware with white slip and iron pigment under clear, colorless glaze
  • 8.3 x 16.5 x 16.5 cm
  • Sukhothai ware
  • 15th century, Ayutthaya period
  • Origin: Sukhothai, Sukhothai province, Thailand
  • Provenance: Probably Indonesia
  • Purchase — Charles Lang Freer Endowment
  • F1992.51


Bowl with painted fish on interior

Curatorial Remarks

1. (Louise Cort, 13 January 2006) The "waterweed" motif on the exterior of this bowl derives directly from the type of representation on the Freer's Yuan blue-and-white dish with fish decor (F1971.3).

In her presentation "New Data from Shipwrecks: 6 phases for Thai production, ca. 1380–1580" (Siem Reap, EFEO, 7 February 2004), Roxanna Brown indicated that Sukhothai ware first appears on shipwrecks only after 1400. Thus this bottle should be dated 15th rather than 14th century. Changed Date from 14th century to 15th century.

2. (Louise Cort, 20 May 2008) Based on her study of shipwrecks, Roxanna Brown describes the first appearance of Sukhothai ware (plates decorated with fish and floral motifs) on shipwrecks around the end of the 14th century, and it continues until around 1480. Later Sukhothai wares, primarily bowls, with far more elaborate painted decor are documented from two shipwrecks that date circa 1520–1540 (Brown 2004, 2). This bowl appears to belong to the early group.

Brown, Roxanna Maude. 2004. "The Ming Gap and Shipwreck Ceramics in Southeast Asia." Ph.D. Dissertation, Department of Art History, University of California, Los Angeles.

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