• Stoneware with green glaze
  • 5.1 x 19.1 x 19.1 cm
  • 14th-15th century, Vijaya period
  • Origin: possibly Go Sanh kilns, Binh Dinh province, Vietnam
  • Provenance: Philippines
  • Purchase — Charles Lang Freer Endowment
  • F1994.14


1. (John Forbes 25 April 1994) Monochromatic finely crackled ochre-green glaze pooling in spots and falling short of unglazed foot and base, unglazed stacking ring in center, everted rim.

Curatorial Remarks

1. (John Guy, Victoria & Albert Museum, November 1994) Possibly made at a kiln in Central Vietnam?

2. (Aoyagi Yoji, Sophia University, Tokyo; 21 February 1995) The color of the glaze and cutting of the foot resemble products of the Go Sanh kiln in central Vietnam, but nothing this hard was found there. All Go Sanh pieces are thicker than this.

3. (Allison Diem, 20 October 1998) Made at a kiln in Binh Dinh Province, central Vietnam. According to archaeologist Trinh Cao Tuong (Institute of Archaeology, Hanoi), fewer dishes were made at the Go Sanh kiln complex and more at other kilns in the region.

4. (Louise Cort, 2 August 2005) In a paper presented at the Asian ceramics conference at the Field Museum, Chicago, in October 1998, "Ceramic Production in Central Vietnam (Vijaya)," Allison Diem discussed the production of the stoneware kilns in Go Sanh, Binh Dinh province, as known through excavations in 1993–4.  With regard to the bowls of this type, she described three phases, distinguished in part by how much of the back of the bowl was glazed. In the first (oldest) phase, the glaze reached close to the foot rim; in the second phase, it was farther from the foot; and in the third phase, most of the back was unglazed. The third phase appears to show the influence of wares from Ngoi, one of the Red River Delta kilns. She said the third phase corresponds to the 15th century. She also mentioned that sherds of Chinese ceramics from Fujian were found in the vicinity of the kilns.

5. (Louise Cort, 19 October 2005) According to Morimoto Asako, archaeologist and ceramics specialist, Fukuoka, who participated in the excavation of the Go Sanh kiln site, this dish could well be from Go Sanh, and in any case it is from Binh Dinh province.

6. (Louise Cort, 30 September 2009) Changed period from Tran or Later Le Dynasty to Vijaya period.

7. (Najiba Choudhury per J. Smith, September 14, 2015) Transferred from the Provenance text field: "Collected by John Forbes during his foreign service posting in Manilla. Export was approved, retroactively, by the National Museum of the Philippines in Manilla. See object file for documentation."

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