Ceramics in Mainland Southeast Asia:
Collections in the Freer Gallery of Art and Arthur M. Sackler Gallery

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Jar with lid and incised decoration

  • Stoneware with white and iron glazes
  • 8.4 x 5.9 x 5.9 cm
  • Sawankhalok ware
  • late 15th-16th century, Ayutthaya period
  • Origin: Ban Pa Yang kilns, Si Satchanalai, Sukhothai province, North-central Thailand
  • Provenance: Probably Indonesia
  • Purchase — Charles Lang Freer Endowment
  • F1994.21a-b


1. (Stephen P. Koob, 3 February 1992) Small glazed jar, squat round in shape,with small knobbed lid. Glazed stoneware with incised floral and linear decoration, brown/black glaze and white glaze over white slip.

Curatorial Remarks

1.  (Louise Cort, 2 August 2005) In conversation at the Asian Ceramics Conference at the Field Museum, Chicago, in October 1998, Don Hein remarked that all the incised boxes with "brown and pearl" glazes come from the Pa Yang kilns within the Si Satchanalai kiln group. He saw the Pa Yang kilns arising with the boom in export and collapsing with the collapse of the export market.

2.  (Louise Cort, 14 January 2007) Don Hein associated white-glazed wares in a generally Ming Chinese style with the wares made at Si Satchanalai that he terms LASW (Late Stoneware) (Hein 2001, fig. 43–44). Although Hein is cautious about dating, he suggests that LASW dates to 15th-16th century (Hein 1999, 150).

Changed Date from 14th–mid 16th century to 15th–16th century.

Hein, Don. 2001. "The Sawankhalok Ceramic Industry: from Domestic Enterprise to Regional Entrepreneur." PhD Thesis, Department of Science and Technology, Deakin University, Melbourne.

Hein, Don. 1999. "The First Underglaze Painted Decoration at Sawankhalok: identification of a key influence? (Diqu shouci chuxian de youxia caihui: Taiguo taoci tazhan shi shang wailai yingxiang de zhongyao xiansuo?)." Guoli Taiwan daxue Meishushi yanjiu jikan (The Taida Journal of Art History) 7: 137–158.

3.  (Louise Cort, 17 February 2008) From shipwreck evidence, Roxanna Brown finds that opaque white glaze appears on objects recovered from wrecks that she dates to the early 16th century, circa 1500–1520. They appear at the same time as the so-called brown and white wares, decorated with iron brown and opaque white glazes (Brown 2004, 74).

Changed Date from 15th–16th century to Late 15th–16th century.

Brown, Roxanna Maude. 2004. "The Ming Gap and Shipwreck Ceramics in Southeast Asia". Ph.D. Dissertation, Department of Art History, University of California, Los Angeles.

4. (Najiba Choudhury per J. Smith, September 14, 2015) Transferred from the Provenance text field: "(Ken J.J.Baars, 12 November 1991) The S.E. Asian Ceramics now under consideration have been part of my private collection, acquired from various private sources during my stay in S.E. Asia from 1966 to 1970. During this period I carried out geophysical fieldwork for the Royal Dutch Shell Co. in S.E. Asia. My Oriental Ceramics collection was shipped to Holland with the rest of my personal belongings in early 1970 when my contract with the Brunei Shell Company ended."

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