Ceramics in Mainland Southeast Asia:
Collections in the Freer Gallery of Art and Arthur M. Sackler Gallery

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  • Stoneware with celadon glaze
  • 6.7 x 16.2 x 16.2 cm
  • late 14th-15th century, Tran or Later Le dynasty
  • Origin: Red River delta kilns, Vietnam
  • Purchase — Charles Lang Freer Endowment
  • F1994.6


Monochromatic thin finely crackled grey-green glaze, falling to unglazed foot and base, stacking ring in interior, uneven rim cut with alternating single then double shallow curved indentations.

Curatorial Remarks

1. (Aoyagi Yoji, Sophia University, Tokyo; 21 February 1995) Related pieces come from Tioman, Malaysia. They are found in big stacks. They occur along with Chinese ceramics of the type also found at the Calatagan site in the Philippines. They date to the second half of the fifteenth or sixteenth century.

2. (David Rehfuss, 13 April 2004) Northern.

3. (Louise Cort, 16 April 2004) A bowl of this type, with fluted rim, eight-panel decoration molded on the interior containing two motifs each, in alternation, of auspicious cloud, lotus, crane, and lingzhi fungus, a ring cut into the celadon glaze in the bottom for stacking purposes, and brown wash on the base, in a private collection, is dated 14th-15th century (Stevenson and Guy, eds. 1997, no. 198). A similar bowl in the collection of Bryant Toth (ibid., no. 199) bears copper-green glaze.

Stevenson, John, and John Guy, eds. 1997. Vietnamese Ceramics, A Separate Tradition. Chicago: Art Media Resources.

4. (Louise Cort, 19 October 2005) According to Morimoto Asako, this bowl comes from a northern kiln, as indicated by its formation using a drape mold. Based on archaeological evidence, it dates to the end of the 14th century at the earliest.

Changed Date from 14th–15th century to late 14th–15th century.

5. (Louise Cort, 11 March 2008) Is this glaze "celadon" or a pale, underdeveloped "apple green" tinted with copper?

6. (Najiba Choudhury per J. Smith, September 14, 2015) Transferred from the Provenance text field: "Collected by John Forbes during his foreign service posting in Manilla. Export was approved, retroactively, by the National Museum of the Philippines in Manilla. See object file for documentation."

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