Bottle with a long neck and everted rim

  • Stoneware with iron glaze
  • 28.7 x 20 cm
  • 1177-1430, Angkor period
  • Origin: Northeast Thailand
  • Gift of Osborne and Gratia Hauge
  • S1996.113

Description

Bottle with hemispherical body, widest diameter roughly at mid-point, slightly concave shoulders, clearly defined neck seam, elongated neck, and everted dish-shaped mouth with flanged rim.
Wheel-thrown from coil and flat disk, with incised decoration. Base flat, uneven, with slightly higher ridge around circumference (remains of coil attachment?). Thickened ridge between shoulder and neck perhaps indicating where a clay coil was added to throw neck separately from body. Fine parallel lines on outside and inside of neck may be traces of cloth used for throwing. Considerable dry earth remains in vessel, making judgement of actual weight impossible.
Clay: reddish on bottom, medium gray on exposed surface of lower wall, in break on rim, and by flaking glaze.
Decoration: edge of base trimmed with smooth curved profile beneath three roughly-cut bevels. Pair of horizontal lines incised (combed?) somewhat above widest point of body. Above shoulder, band of four incised horizontal lines beneath thickened ridge; single wide incised line above ridge. Between these two sets of lines, spikey scalloped combing, made with five-toothed combing tool, roughly and unevenly incised.
Glaze: iron glaze, translucent amber where thin, nearly opaque dark brown where thick, streaked and uneven, with rivulets of darker, thicker glaze on neck and body. Vessel perhaps dipped twice into vat of glaze: underlying thin coating reaches nearly to base, while lower edge of darker coating stops above highest bevel, with individual rivulets extending further. Glaze extends evenly deep into neck, runs further in rivulets. Chunks of kiln debris adhering to glaze on inside of neck and vessel wall. Some flaking and loss of glaze, especially on lower wall.

Published References

1. Lawton, Thomas, and Thomas W. Lentz. 1988. Beyond the Legacy: Anniversary Acquisitions for the Freer Gallery of Art and the Arthur M. Sackler Gallery. Washington, D.C.: Smithsonian Institution Press, 208–211.

2. Cort, Louise Allison, Massumeh Farhad, and Ann C. Gunter. 2000. Asian Traditions in Clay: The Hauge Gifts. Washington, D.C.: Freer Gallery of Art and Arthur M. Sackler Gallery, 148 (illus.), no. 73.

3. Cort, Louise Allison (translated by Tabata Yukitsugu). 2002. "Kumeeru tōki—Hauge korekushon wo chūshin to shita Kumeeru tōki no kenkyū." Tōnan Ajia kōkogaku [Journal of Southeast Asian Archaeology] (Journal of the Japan Society of Southeast Asian Archaeology) 22: 166, cat. no. 73.

Curatorial Remarks

1. (Victor Hauge, November 1996) Pear-shaped bottle with flaring neck and ovoid body, combed design around shoulder. Lustrous dark brown glaze.

2. (Louise Cort, 15 June 1999) The brown-glazed version of this shape succeeds earlier versions with wide, flat bases, covered in the thin brown wash termed lie de vin.  Versions with pedestal bases were uncovered in the Sras Srang excavation and dated to ca. 1080–1107 (Brown 1988, pl. 28-b, h. 36 cm).

Brown, Roxanna M. 1988. The Ceramics of South-East Asia: Their Dating and Identification. 2nd ed. Singapore: Oxford University Press.  

3. (Louise Cort, 23 July 1999)  A bottle of this shape with shiny brown glaze and combing on the shoulder below the ribbed band, h. 28.3 cm, dated 12th–13th century, is in the Southeast Asian Ceramics Museum, Kyoto (Fujiwara 1991, pl. 33).

Fujiwara Hiroshi. 1990. Kumeeru ōkoku no kotō (Khmer Ceramics from the Kamratan Collection). Singapore: Oxford University Press.  

4. (Louise Cort, 29 November 2001) A measured drawing of this vessel was prepared by Miyata Etsuko in July 2000, while she was in Washington on a Short-term Visitor Grant with my sponsorship. She sent the final ink tracing to me in September this year.

5. (Louise Cort, 27 October 2005) According to Cambodian archaeologist Chhay Visoth, the Khmer term for this bottle shape is ‘kaam’.

6. (Louise Cort, 19 January 2017) Changed Date from 12th-13th century tpo 1177-1430, based on Armand Desbat's revised dating on the basis of excavated material over the past two decades (Desbat, 2011)> He dates the matte brown or black glazes to 1177-1430.

Armand Desbat. 2011. Pour une revision de la chronologie des gres khmers. Aseanie 27 (juin), 11-34.


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