Ceramics in Mainland Southeast Asia:
Collections in the Freer Gallery of Art and Arthur M. Sackler Gallery

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Lid

  • Stoneware with iron glaze
  • 7.8 x 10.5 cm
  • 1075-1430, Angkor period
  • Origin: Cambodia or Northeast Thailand
  • Gift of Osborne and Gratia Hauge
  • S1996.121.3

Description

Pedestal-footed bowl with interior stand, small cup, and conical lid, originally unrelated but formerly assembled as pastiche.

Lid (probably for jar)

Wheel-thrown in inverted position. Conical lid with flat edge, inner flange facing downward and tapering inward.

Clay; stoneware, medium gray.

Decoration: Conical form cut into five tiers with right-angle edges, filled in with incised horizontal lines, beneath "jewel"-shaped knob. Vent-hole pierced into middle tier.

Glaze: iron glaze, translucent amber-brown, opaque darker brown where pooled, on upper surface of lid only.

Published References

1. Lawton, Thomas, and Thomas W. Lentz. 1988. Beyond the Legacy: Anniversary Acquisitions for the Freer Gallery of Art and the Arthur M. Sackler Gallery. Washington, D.C.: Smithsonian Institution Press, 208–211.

Curatorial Remarks

1. (Victor Hauge, November 1996) Footed bowl-shaped vessel with scalloped rim and combed design around waist. An interior cup is covered by a conical lid rising above the bowl mouth. Brown-glazed overall.

2. (Louise Cort, 15 June 1999) Based on his excavation of sites in the Angkor region, notably Sras Srang, Bernard Groslier stated that vessels of this type with interior stands became numerous during the reign of Jayavarman VI (ca. 1080–ca. 1107) (Brown 1988, 52).  In "Introduction to the Ceramic Wares of Angkor," (Groslier 1981, 28), he stated that they appeared at Sras Srang appeared for the first time during this phase.

Brown, Roxanna M. 1988. The Ceramics of South-East Asia: Their Dating and Identification. 2nd ed. Singapore: Oxford University Press.

Groslier, Bernard Philippe. 1981. "Introduction to the Ceramic Wares of Angkor". Pp. 9–39 in Khmer Ceramics 9th–14th Century, edited by Diana Stock. Singapore: Oriental Ceramics Society.

3. (Louise Cort, 18 January 1999) Another vessel of this type, with fluted rim, somewhat shallower bowl, two bands of combed decor, and elaborate unglazed pedestal foot, brown-glazed, is in the Yamada Yoshio collection, Machida City Museum, Tokyo (Machida Shiritsu Hakubutsukan ed. 1995, no. 65). In the interior is a small, unglazed pedestal.  The vessel is dated 12th–13th century.

Machida Shiritsu Hakubutsukan (Machida City Museum), ed. 1995. Kumeeru no yakimono [Khmer ceramics]. Machida Shiritsu Hakubutsukan zuroku 93. Machida: Machida Shiritsu Hakubutsukan.  

4. (Louise Cort, 8 June 1999) A brown-glazed bowl nearly identical in form, with fluted rim and a band of combing framed by two horizontal straight lines just below the rim (H. 15.1 cm) is in the National Museum, Bangkok (Mikami ed. 1984, pl. 196).  The piece is dated 12th–13th century.

Mikami Tsugio, ed. 1984. Nankai (Southeast Asia). Vol. 16, Sekai Tōji Zenshū (Ceramic Art of the World). Tokyo: Shogakukan.

5. (Louise Cort, 9 June 1999) A multi-tiered conical lid, brown-glazed, similar to the one that came with this object, is shown as the lid to an incense burner belonging to the Art Gallery of South Australia, Adelaide (Mikami ed. 1984, pl. 48).  It does not look like it was really made for that piece (the incised decoration on the conical rim of the vessel does not continue on the lid), but it does agree with the overall vessel form and may have been made for another vessel of the same type.

Mikami Tsugio, ed. 1984. Nankai (Southeast Asia). Vol. 16, Sekai Tōji Zenshū (Ceramic Art of the World). Tokyo: Shogakukan.

6. (Louise Cort, 10 June 1999) A frieze on the external gallery, south side, east wing, the Bayon (ca. 1200), depicting a royal banquet, shows a servant carrying a spouted ewer against his chest, his right wrist beneath the body of the ewer and his left around the neck.  The ewer is covered by a conical cap close in shape to that of the lid that came as part of S1996.121. Groslier suggests that the ewer depicted is a metal one (Groslier 1981, 13, 25).

Groslier, Bernard Philippe. 1981. "Introduction to the Ceramic Wares of Angkor". Pp. 9–39 in Khmer Ceramics 9th–14th Century, edited by Diana Stock. Singapore: Oriental Ceramics Society.

7. (Louise Cort, 22 June 1999)  Another vessel of this type, with brown glaze on the body and unglazed pedestal foot, excavated from a kiln site in Buriram, has an unglazed interior stand, suggesting that the stand on this piece might have been unglazed as well (Tharapong and Amara 1989, fig. 13e).

Tharapong Srisuchat, and Amara Srisuchat. 1989. "Introducing Buriram Ceramics and Kilns." Sinlapākǭn (The Silpakorn Journal) 33(2): 52–55.

8. (Louise Cort, 22 June 1999) Some small cups of this form were also glazed with ash glaze at Buriram kilns (Tharapong and Amara 1989, fig. 9, lower right).

Tharapong Srisuchat, and Amara Srisuchat. 1989. "Introducing Buriram Ceramics and Kilns." Sinlapākǭn (The Silpakorn Journal) 33(2): 52–55.

9. (Louise Cort, 25 June 1999)  Bernard Groslier found that this sort of brown-glazed hemispherical bowl was "very common" in sites of the last quarter of the 11th century, notably Sras Srang (Groslier 1981, 28).

Groslier, Bernard Philippe. 1981. "Introduction to the Ceramic Wares of Angkor". Pp. 9–39 in Khmer Ceramics 9th–14th Century, edited by Diana Stock. Singapore: Oriental Ceramics Society.

10. (Bruce Young, 16 November 1999) This object and S1996.121.1 and S1996.121.3 were accessioned into the collection, .1 and  .2 glued together, as an assembled object, S1996.121a–b.  They were later separated and given their present, separate accession numbers.

11. (Louise Cort, 16 January 2017) Changed Date from 11th-12th century to 1075-1430, following Desbat's revised chronology based on excavations in the Angkor area over the past two decades (Desbat 2011, 26). Evidence for vessels with "chestnut brown" (marron) glaze centers on that time span.

Armand Desbat. 2011. Pour une revision de la chronologie des gres khmers. Aseanie 27 (juin), 11-34.


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