Conglomerate of seven bowls, a small jar and a portion of an elephant figurine (pastiche)

  • Stoneware with wood-ash and iron glazes
  • 22.6 x 28.1 x 32.8 cm
  • 12th-13th century and 15th-16th century, Angkor period and Ayutthaya period
  • Origin: Cambodia or Northeast Thailand
  • Gift of Osborne and Gratia Hauge
  • S1996.123

Published References

1. Lawton, Thomas, and Thomas W. Lentz. 1988. Beyond the Legacy: Anniversary Acquisitions for the Freer Gallery of Art and the Arthur M. Sackler Gallery. Washington, D.C.: Smithsonian Institution Press, 208–211.

Curatorial Remarks

1. (Victor Hauge, November 1996) A fused conglomerate of five bowls, one straw-colored and the others brown-glazed, together with four jarlets and portion of an elephant figurine.  Considering the disparate wares involved, the artifact may be presumed a result of fire, burial or storage conditions rather than a kiln waster.

2. (Louise Cort, 7 June 1999) The elephant figure may give this piece away as a constructed pastiche—it is attached bottom out, revealing the distinctive impression of the potter's thumb on the underside of the body that is characteristic, as far as I know, of figures made at the Si Satchanalai kilns in Thailand.  I have never seen any Khmer figures made in that manner.

3. (Louise Cort, 8 June 1999) "I personally have yet to see...a waster showing green and dark glazed wares together, although in the Suan Pakkad Palace Museum, Bangkok, there is an example of a two-glaze jar that has slumped into a heap along with two monochrome dark glazed jars of similar shape.  However, one must approach even wasters with caution.  Some dealers have become adept at making broken pots saleable by transforming them with adhesive into artfully grouped wasters." (Brown 1981, 43).

Brown, Roxanna. 1981. "Khmer Ceramics of the Korat Plateau: Unraveling the mysteries". Pp. 41–49 in Khmer Ceramics 9th—14th Century, edited by D. Stock. Singapore: South-East Asian Ceramics Society.

4. (Louise Cort, 26 June 2003) A kiln waster consisting of a number of Khmer pieces including "small jars, bowls, and a zoomorphic lime pot," dated late 11th century, width 30 cm, from the Brake-Lau-Eckermann Collection, was sold at Christies Melbourne (Australia) on 3 September 1990, lot 146, for Aus $1400.

5. (Louise Cort, 8 October 2004) Ea Darith, Cambodian archaeologist working for the APSARA Authority with a specialty in ceramic archaeology, and I noted that the small dark-brown jar toward the top of this conglomerate is actually a product of the Si Satchanalai kilns in north-central Thailand, as indicated by both clay body and glaze. The two characteristic lugs at the neck are brown off (intentionally?).

In Title, deleted "Fused" from Fused Conglomerate, added (Pastiche).

6. (Louise Cort, 17 October 2007) Because of the presence of some fragments from the Si Satchanalai kilns, to Period added "and Ayutthaya period." Changed Date from 11th–13th century to 11th–13th and 15th–16th century. Changed Origin from Cambodia or Northeast Thailand to Cambodia and Thailand.

7. (Louise Cort, 16 January 2017) Changed Angkorian-related Date from 11th-13th century to 12th-13th century, following Desbat's revised chronology based on excavations in the Angkor area over the past two decades. He associates the appearance of matte brown glaze with the late 12th century (Desbat 2011, 26).

Armand Desbat. 2011. Pour une revision de la chronologie des gres khmers. Aseanie 27 (juin), 11-34.

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