Lenticular bottle

  • Stoneware with iron glaze
  • 3.7 cm
  • 1177-1430, Angkor period
  • Origin: Cambodia or Northeast Thailand
  • Gift of Osborne and Gratia Hauge
  • S1996.132

Published References

1. Lawton, Thomas, and Thomas W. Lentz. 1988. Beyond the Legacy: Anniversary Acquisitions for the Freer Gallery of Art and the Arthur M. Sackler Gallery. Washington, D.C.: Smithsonian Institution Press, 208–211.

2. Cort, Louise Allison, Massumeh Farhad, and Ann C. Gunter. 2000. Asian Traditions in Clay: The Hauge Gifts. Washington, D.C.: Freer Gallery of Art and Arthur M. Sackler Gallery, 147 (illus.), no. 69.

3. Cort, Louise Allison (translated by Tabata Yukitsugu). 2002. "Kumeeru tōki—Hauge korekushon wo chūshin to shita Kumeeru tōki no kenkyū." Tōnan Ajia kōkogaku [Journal of Southeast Asian Archaeology] (Journal of the Japan Society of Southeast Asian Archaeology) 22: 165, cat. no. 69.

Curatorial Remarks

1. (Victor Hauge, November 1996) Squat bottle with dark brown glaze, flat top and incised triangular motifs around waist.

2. (Louise Cort, 18 January 1999) A measured drawing of this vessel was prepared by Miyata Etsuko on 12 November 1997 as part of the Nara National Research Institute for Cultural Properties survey of the Hauge collection of Khmer ceramics.

3. (Louise Cort, 22 June 1999) A brown-glazed jar of this shape, with a band of (rouletted?) decoration around the shoulder and the brown glaze wiped off the lower wall (Brown misunderstood this as brown slip) was excavated from the Sras Srang funerary site in Angkor and is dated to the beginning of the twelfth century (Brown 1988, pl. XXIII-d).

Brown, Roxanna M. 1988. The Ceramics of South-East Asia: Their Dating and Identification. 2nd ed. Singapore: Oxford University Press.

4. (Louise Cort, 25 June 1999) A vessel of this shape was found as part of a ritual deposit during the 1964 excavation of the Sras Srang funerary site.  It was described as a lenticular "oil jar" in the style of Angkor Vat (end of 11th–beginning of 12th century), and was surrounded by a variety of iron tools and weapons.  The vessel was found in the level of the site that was used during the second half of the 11th century and for a time into the 12th, so it was relatively new when buried.  Several other vessels of this shape were also recovered.  (Courbin 1988, 23 and fig. 16).  This may be the same piece illustrated in Brown 1988 (see note 3).

B. P. Groslier found that this shape appeared in sites by the first half of the eleventh century (Groslier 1981, 23).

Courbin, Paul. 1988. "La fouille du Sras-Srang". Pp. 21–25 and pl. in Documents graphiques de la conservation d'Angkor : 1963–1973, edited by Jacques Dumarçay and Paul Courbin. Collection de textes et documents sur l'Indochine 17. Paris: 1'École Française d'Extrême-Orient.

Brown, Roxanna M. 1988. The Ceramics of South-East Asia: Their Dating and Identification. 2nd ed. Singapore: Oxford University Press.

Groslier, Bernard Philippe. 1981. "Introduction to the Ceramic Wares of Angkor". Pp. 9–39 in Khmer Ceramics 9th–14th Century, edited by Diana Stock. Singapore: Oriental Ceramics Society.

5. (Louise Cort, 16 January 2017) Changed Date from 11th-13th century to 1177-1430, following Desbat's revised chronology based on excavations in the Angkor area over the past two decades. He finds evidence for matte brown glaze from the end of the 12th century (Desbat 2011, 19-21) and no evidence for lenticular bottles from 11th-century excavations (Desbat 2011, 23-24).

Armand Desbat. 2011. Pour une revision de la chronologie des gres khmers. Aseanie 27 (juin), 11-34.

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