Ceramics in Mainland Southeast Asia:
Collections in the Freer Gallery of Art and Arthur M. Sackler Gallery

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Baluster-form bottle

  • Stoneware with wood-ash glaze
  • 10.9 x 5.9 cm
  • 1075-1250, Angkor period
  • Origin: Cambodia or Northeast Thailand
  • Gift of Osborne and Gratia Hauge
  • S1996.139a-b


Lid that came with bottle does not belong.

Published References

1. Brown, Roxanna M. 1977. The Ceramics of South-East Asia: their dating and identification. 1st ed. Singapore: Oxford University Press, pl. 21, fig. 74. (Shown without lid, listed as Private Collection.) Described as "from Northeast Thailand, mid-11th century, Baphuon period."

2. Lawton, Thomas, and Thomas W. Lentz. 1988. Beyond the Legacy: Anniversary Acquisitions for the Freer Gallery of Art and the Arthur M. Sackler Gallery. Washington, D.C.: Smithsonian Institution Press, 208–211.

3. Cort, Louise Allison, Massumeh Farhad, and Ann C. Gunter. 2000. Asian Traditions in Clay: The Hauge Gifts. Washington, D.C.: Freer Gallery of Art and Arthur M. Sackler Gallery, 146 (illus.), no. 52.

4. Cort, Louise Allison (translated by Tabata Yukitsugu). 2002. "Kumeeru tōki—Hauge korekushon wo chūshin to shita Kumeeru tōki no kenkyū." Tōnan Ajia kōkogaku [Journal of Southeast Asian Archaeology] (Journal of the Japan Society of Southeast Asian Archaeology) 22: 163, cat. no. 52.

Curatorial Remarks

1. (Victor Hauge, November 1996) Miniature bottle with bulbous body and conical ringed lid.

2. (Louise Cort, 7 June 1999) The lid does not belong to this bottle.

3. (Louise Cort, 7 June 1999) A bottle in this shape but in a slightly larger size (h. 12.7 cm; diam. 7.5 cm), with a string-cut base and bearing a pale green glaze, dated 11th–12th century, is in the Honda Collection (Ozaki ed. 1996, no. 15).

Ozaki Naoto, ed. 1996. Tai, Kanbojia no tōji (Thai and Khmer Ceramics). Fukuoka: Fukuoka-shi Bijutsukan (Fukuoka Art Museum).

4. (Louise Cort, 14 July 1999) A pear-shaped bottle with projecting foot separated from the body by a narrow ridge, the neck broken (about 10 cm high), was excavated in 1987 at the Nai Chian kiln site in Ban Kruat, Buriram Province, Northeast Thailand. It is illustrated in Suphat and Sirikun1989, 47, fig. 2 (in situ), 69 (along with a second, somewhat rounder bottle of the same sort).

Suphot Phrommānōt (Suphat Phonmomaanook), and Sirikun Phichaičhumphon (Sirikun Phichaychumphon). 1989. Tao Bān Krūat, Burīram (Ban Kruat Kilns, Buriram Province). Archaeology Series, Vol. 9. Bangkok: Krom Sinlapākǭn (Fine Arts Department).

5. (Louise Cort, 16 January 2017) Changed Date from 11th century to 1075-1250, following Desbat's revised chronology based on excavations in the Angkor area over the past two decades (Desbat 2011, 26). Evidence for green-glazed Buriram-type bowls (distinguished by the formation of the base) at Angkor-area sites begins in the late 12th century but may date to the beginning of the 12th century, coinciding with the end of production of green-glazed "Kulen" wares in the Angkor area (Desbat 2011, 15-16).

Armand Desbat. 2011. Pour une revision de la chronologie des gres khmers. Aseanie 27 (juin), 11-34.

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