Ceramics in Mainland Southeast Asia:
Collections in the Freer Gallery of Art and Arthur M. Sackler Gallery

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Fruit-shaped box with lobed lid and stem-shaped knob

  • Stoneware with wood-ash glaze
  • 7.1 x 11.7 cm
  • 1075-1250, Angkor period
  • Origin: Buriram province, Northeast Thailand
  • Gift of Osborne and Gratia Hauge
  • S1996.151a-b

Published References

1. Lawton, Thomas, and Thomas W. Lentz. 1988. Beyond the Legacy: Anniversary Acquisitions for the Freer Gallery of Art and the Arthur M. Sackler Gallery. Washington, D.C.: Smithsonian Institution Press, 208–211.

2. Cort, Louise Allison, Massumeh Farhad, and Ann C. Gunter. 2000. Asian Traditions in Clay: The Hauge Gifts. Washington, D.C.: Freer Gallery of Art and Arthur M. Sackler Gallery, 149 (illus.), no. 80.

3. Cort, Louise Allison (translated by Tabata Yukitsugu). 2002. "Kumeeru tōki—Hauge korekushon wo chūshin to shita Kumeeru tōki no kenkyū (Khmer ceramics—research on Khmer ceramics centering on the Hauge collection)." Tōnan Ajia kōkogaku [Journal of Southeast Asian Archaeology] (Journal of the Japan Society of Southeast Asian Archaeology) 22: 167, cat. no. 80.

Curatorial Remarks

1. (Victor Hauge, November 1996) Flat box with lobed cover and stem attached at center. White body with light glaze.

2. (Louise Cort, 3 June 1999) The form of this box, with its "stem" set into the sunken center of the rim, on which radiating incised lines represent the lobes of a fruit, is based on Chinese qingbai porcelain boxes, many of which have been found in Khmer contexts.  Examples found in the vicinity of Khmer kiln sites in Buriram Province, Northeast Thailand, are shown in Natthaphat 1989, 93–94.  Seven sherds from six qingbai boxes were among the sherds collected from Khmer kiln sites in Ban Prasat Village, Ban Kruat District, Buriram Province, by Roy Galloway (FSC-P-4751-4772).

Natthaphat Čhanthawit et al. 1989. Khrư̄ang thūai čhāk lǣng taophao Čhangwat Burīram (Ancient kiln sites in Buriram Province). Bangkok: Krom Sinlapākǭn (Fine Arts Department).

3. (Louise Cort, 3 June 1999) Related boxes, based on the forms of Chinese qingbai porcelain boxes, are dated 11th–12th century (Fujiwara 1990, nos. 6–7).

Fujiwara Hiroshi. 1990. Kumeeru ōkoku no kotō (Khmer Ceramics from the Kamratan Collection). Singapore: Oxford University Press.

4. (Louise Cort, 25 June 1999)  According to Bernard Groslier, vessels of this shape ("pumpkin") first appear in excavated sites in the first half of the 11th century (Groslier 1981, 24).

Groslier, Bernard Philippe. 1981. "Introduction to the Ceramic Wares of Angkor". Pp. 9–39 in Khmer Ceramics 9th–14th Century, edited by Diana Stock. Singapore: Oriental Ceramics Society.

5. (Louise Cort, 28 December 2004) Changed Title from Box in form of fruit, with lobed cover and stem-shaped knob to Fruit-shaped box with lobed lid and stem-shaped knob.

6. (Louise Cort, 26 December 2006) A jar of this shape is recorded in my photographs taken in January 1997 of the collection housed at the school in Amphoe Ban Kruat, suggesting that such vessels were made at kilns in the vicinity of Ban Kruat.

7. (Louise Cort, 16 January 2017) Changed Date from 12th-13th century to 1075-1250, following Desbat's revised chronology based on excavations in the Angkor area over the past two decades (Desbat 2011, 26). Evidence for green-glazed Buriram-type bowls (distinguished by the formation of the base) at Angkor-area sites begins in the late 12th century but may date to the beginning of the 12th century, coinciding with the end of production of green-glazed "Kulen" wares in the Angkor area (Desbat 2011, 15-16).

Armand Desbat. 2011. Pour une revision de la chronologie des gres khmers. Aseanie 27 (juin), 11-34.

8. (Louise Cort, 16 March 2017) Changed Origin from Cambodia or Northeast Thailand to Northeast Thailand, Buriram province.

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