Ceramics in Mainland Southeast Asia:
Collections in the Freer Gallery of Art and Arthur M. Sackler Gallery

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Jar with two-color glazing

  • Stoneware with wood-ash and iron glazes
  • 12.2 x 15.6 cm
  • 1075-1250, Angkor period
  • Origin: Cambodia or Northeast Thailand
  • Gift of Osborne and Gratia Hauge
  • S1996.153

Published References

1. Lawton, Thomas, and Thomas W. Lentz. 1988. Beyond the Legacy: Anniversary Acquisitions for the Freer Gallery of Art and the Arthur M. Sackler Gallery. Washington, D.C.: Smithsonian Institution Press, 208–211.

Curatorial Remarks

1. (Victor Hauge, November 1996) Jar, light-glazed with brown-glazed foot below deeply cut foot rim.  Combed wavy lines and hatching on shoulder.

2. (Louise Cort, 3 June 1999) A green-glazed ewer of similar form with brown-glazed foot was excavated by B. P. Groslier from the Sras Srang burial site and is dated mid-11th century by Groslier.  As on the Hauge jar, a flange above the brown band creates the impression of a separate stand supporting the body of the vessel.  The mouth rim is wide and low, surrounded by a collar of decoration (Brown 1988, pl. 26-c.) 

A similar brown-glazed "pedestal" foot is found on a deep, straight-sided bowl in the Art Gallery of South Australia dated mid-11th or early 12th century (ibid., pl. XVIII-d). 

Two green-glazed bowls with simpler brown-glazed bands at the feet in the Machida City Museum, Tokyo, also feature the specks of iron in the clay body that appear in this jar; they are dated 11th–12th century (Machida Shiritsu Hakubutsukan ed. 1995, nos. 21–22).   Similar brown flecks appear on a bowl said to have come from Northeast Thailand (Brown 1988, pl. XVIII-e).  Brown flecks are closely associated with the clay body of the early Kulen pieces from kilns in the vicinity of Angkor.

Brown, Roxanna M. 1988. The Ceramics of South-East Asia: Their Dating and Identification. 2nd ed. Singapore: Oxford University Press.  

Machida Shiritsu Hakubutsukan (Machida City Museum), ed. 1995. Kumeeru no yakimono [Khmer ceramics], Machida Shiritsu Hakubutsukan zuroku 93. Machida: Machida Shiritsu Hakubutsukan.   

3. (Louise Cort, 7 June 1999) An interesting feature of this jar is the brown glaze on the interior, in contrast to the green glaze on the exterior and band of brown glaze above the foot.

4. (Louise Cort, 25 June 1999) Bernard Groslier associated vessels with this glaze pattern with the last quarter of the 11th century, based on his finds at the Sras Srang cemetery (see note 1) (Groslier 1981, 27).

Groslier, Bernard Philippe. 1981. "Introduction to the Ceramic Wares of Angkor". Pp. 9–39 in Khmer Ceramics 9th–14th Century, edited by Diana Stock. Singapore: Oriental Ceramics Society.

5. (Louise Cort, 29 November 2001)  A measured drawing of this vessel was prepared by Miyata Etsuko in July 2000, while she was in Washington on a Short-term Visitor Grant with my sponsorship.  She sent the final ink tracing to me in September this year.

6. (Louise Cort, 16 January 2017) Changed Date from 11th-13th century to 1075-1250, following Desbat's revised chronology based on excavations in the Angkor area over the past two decades (Desbat 2011, 26). Evidence for green-glazed Buriram-type bowls (distinguished by the formation of the base) at Angkor-area sites begins in the late 12th century but may date to the beginning of the 12th century, coinciding with the end of production of green-glazed "Kulen" wares in the Angkor area (Desbat 2011, 15-16). Desbat also dates the finds of two-colored glazed vessels to 1075-1250, but questions whether that format does not continue to a later date (Desbat 2011, 26).

Armand Desbat. 2011. Pour une revision de la chronologie des gres khmers. Aseanie 27 (juin), 11-34.


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