Ceramics in Mainland Southeast Asia:
Collections in the Freer Gallery of Art and Arthur M. Sackler Gallery

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Vessel with conical neck and pedestal foot; lid separate

  • Stoneware with wood-ash glaze
  • 14.3 x 16.1 cm
  • 1075-1250, Angkor period
  • Origin: Cambodia or Northeast Thailand
  • Gift of Victor and Takako Hauge
  • S1996.164a-b

Description

Vessel with lower body in the shape of an inverted truncated cone and shoulder in the form of a flat truncated cone, resting on a tall everted foot with broad base.

Published References

1. Lawton, Thomas, and Thomas W. Lentz. 1988. Beyond the Legacy: Anniversary Acquisitions for the Freer Gallery of Art and the Arthur M. Sackler Gallery. Washington, D.C.: Smithsonian Institution Press, 208–211.

Curatorial Remarks

1. (Victor Hauge, November 1996) Light-green-glazed vessel on high foot with upper section tapered to the mouth in concentric bands, continued in the conical cover.

2. (Louise Cort, 18 January 1999) A measured drawing of this vessel was prepared by Tatsumi Jun'ichiro on 12 November 1997 as part of the Nara National Research Institute for Cultural Properties survey of the Hauge collection of Khmer ceramics. At the time of making the drawing, Mr. Tatsumi removed dry earth accumulations from inside the base.

3. (Louise Cort, 18 January 1999) Other vessels with this shape are illustrated in Fujiwara 1990, pl. 42 (applied decoration, eroded brown glaze, no lid, h. 24.8 cm, dated 12th–13th century) and in Machida Shiritsu Hakubutsukan ed. 1995, nos. 29 (green glaze, added conical lid, h. 11.3 cm, dated 11th–12th century), 30 (off-white glaze, no lid, h. 10.1 cm, dated 11th–12th century), 31 (brown glaze, stepped lid with knob, probably added, h. 21.7 cm, dated 12th–13th century), and 33 (green glaze, spout below widest point of body, added conical lid, h. 24.3 cm, dated 11th–13th century).   
    
Others are in Stock ed. 1981, nos. 17 (green glaze, lid, h. 16.5 cm without lid—closest in format to the Sackler piece), 18 (green glaze, no lid, height 8.5 cm), 19 (brown glaze, conical lid, height 18 cm) and 20 (brown glaze, angled conical top, height 16 cm).  All are dated mid-11th century.

Fujiwara Hiroshi. 1990. Kumeeru ōkoku no kotō (Khmer Ceramics from the Kamratan Collection). Singapore: Oxford University Press.

Machida Shiritsu Hakubutsukan (Machida City Museum), ed. 1995. Kumeeru no yakimono [Khmer ceramics], Machida Shiritsu Hakubutsukan zuroku 93. Machida: Machida Shiritsu Hakubutsukan.

Stock, Diana, ed. 1981. Khmer Ceramics 9th–14th Century. Singapore: Southeast Asian Ceramic Society.

4. (Louise Cort, 19 January 1999) Bernard Philippe Groslier points out that vessels of this type, ranging in height from 10 to 40 cm, resemble vessels illustrated in Angkorian bas-reliefs "at the foot of kings and nobles, containing round 'fruits,' roughly the size of plums, which could also be delicacies. The details of the sculpture indicate, without a doubt, baskets from which these ceramics could therefore be copied.... These were offering plates and the predecessors of those footed trays so used by the Khmers to this day. They existed from the beginning in Kulen green but the brown glaze caught on quickly" (Groslier 1981, 27, nos. 17–20). Groslier dates such pieces to the middle 11th century.

Groslier, Bernard Philippe. 1981. "Introduction to the Ceramic Wares of Angkor". Pp. 9–39 in Khmer Ceramics 9th–14th Century, edited by Diana Stock. Singapore: Oriental Ceramics Society.

5. (Louise Cort, 30 April 2001) (Note added to S1996.155) The V-shaped line incised around the upright spout of this vessel probably indicates a detail of a seam in the metal prototype for such a ewer. A similar line appears around the base of a bird-headed spout on a pedestal-footed ewer represented in a stone relief of Brahma, from central Java, that belong to the Los Angeles County Museum of Art (M2000.30). The ewer represented in the Javanese relief is presumably metal.  It appears at the based of the deity's throne, alongside a pedestal-footed incense burner (cf. S1996.164). The ewer and the incense burner presumably represent a standard set of ritual objects.

6. (Louise Cort, 16 January 2017) Changed Date from 11th-12th century to 1075-1250, following Desbat's revised chronology based on excavations in the Angkor area over the past two decades (Desbat 2011, 26). Evidence for green-glazed Buriram-type bowls (distinguished by the formation of the base) at Angkor-area sites begins in the late 12th century but may date to the beginning of the 12th century, coinciding with the end of production of green-glazed "Kulen" wares in the Angkor area (Desbat 2011, 15-16).

Armand Desbat. 2011. Pour une revision de la chronologie des gres khmers. Aseanie 27 (juin), 11-34.


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