Ceramics in Mainland Southeast Asia:
Collections in the Freer Gallery of Art and Arthur M. Sackler Gallery

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Cylindrical vessel with lid

  • Stoneware with wood-ash glaze
  • 16 x 11.9 x 11.9 cm
  • 1075-1250, Angkor period
  • Origin: Cambodia or Northeast Thailand
  • Gift of Victor and Takako Hauge
  • S1996.166a-b

Description

Stoneware vessel and lid with wood-ash glaze

Published References

1. Lawton, Thomas, and Thomas W. Lentz. 1988. Beyond the Legacy: Anniversary Acquisitions for the Freer Gallery of Art and the Arthur M. Sackler Gallery. Washington, D.C.: Smithsonian Institution Press, 208–211.

Curatorial Remarks

1. (Victor Hauge, November 1996) Cylindrical box with cover, light glaze.

2. (Louise Cort, 18 January 1999) A measured drawing of this vessel was prepared by Tatsumi Jun'ichiro on 11 November 1997 as part of the Nara National Research Institute for Cultural Properties survey of the Hauge collection of Khmer ceramics. 

3. (Louise Cort, 30 June 1999) In February this year, a Chinese qingbai porcelain covered vessel of closely related shape, h. about 20 cm, was on view at the Phimai National Museum. It is recorded as having been found at Prasat Phimai in B.E. 2530 (1987). The exhibition label identifies it as from the Nan'an kilns in Fujian province, dated 11th–13th century.

4. (Louise Cort, 18 December 2003) Among the green glazed covered urns found at the site of the Khmer temple Prasat Ban Phluang, in Surin Province, "oddly only one of the nine covers found matches any of the at least five, and probably eight, body sections. Thus remains of at least thirteen and probably seventeen separate urns can be counted" (Childress and Brown 1978, 70). An alternative interpretation is that the lids and bodies were mismatched virtually from their dispersal from the kiln. Thus this mismatched vessel may have been "together" for quite a long time.
    
The illustrated urns from Prasat Ban Phluang are of the Phnom Kulen type with elaborate knobs and decoration on the lids. A casket with a plainer lid like this one was excavated from test pit no. 4 at the site of Muang Fa Daed Song Yang, Amphoe Kamalasai, Kalasin Province, containing "human ashes" (bones are visible in the photograph) (Phasook ca. 2002, 102). The casket is dated 11th–12th century. Muang Fa Daed Song Yang is usually thought of as a Dvaravati period site, but this gives evidence that at the least the site continued to be a later locus for burial.
    
A green-glazed casket with tall knob on the lid was found at the ancient city of Srimahasot, Prachinburi province (ibid., 153). The context of the find is not described.

Childress, Vance, and Roxanna Brown. 1978. "Khmer Ceramics at Prasat Ban Phluang." Arts of Asia 8(1): 66–73.

Phasook Indrawooth (Phasook Intrawooth). ca. 2002. A Guiding Manual for Permanent Exhibition "Social and Cultural Development in Thailand" Prehistory. Bangkok: Princess Maha Chakri Sirindhorn Anthropology Center.

5. (Louise Cort, 28 December 2004) Changed Medium from Earthenware to Stoneware with ash glaze.

6. (Louise Cort, 16 January 2017) Changed Date from 11th-13th century to 1075-1250, following Desbat's revised chronology based on excavations in the Angkor area over the past two decades (Desbat 2011, 26). Evidence for green-glazed Buriram-type bowls (distinguished by the formation of the base) at Angkor-area sites begins in the late 12th century but may date to the beginning of the 12th century, coinciding with the end of production of green-glazed "Kulen" wares in the Angkor area (Desbat 2011, 15-16).

Armand Desbat. 2011. Pour une revision de la chronologie des gres khmers. Aseanie 27 (juin), 11-34.


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