Ceramics in Mainland Southeast Asia:
Collections in the Freer Gallery of Art and Arthur M. Sackler Gallery

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Cylindrical lidded urn with pointed knob

  • Earthenware or underfired stoneware with traces of white coating (possibly underfired wood-ash glaze)
  • 18.8 x 12.7 cm
  • 11th-12th century, Angkor period
  • Origin: Buriram province, Northeast Thailand
  • Gift of Victor and Takako Hauge
  • S1996.167a-b

Published References

1. Lawton, Thomas, and Thomas W. Lentz. 1988. Beyond the Legacy: Anniversary Acquisitions for the Freer Gallery of Art and the Arthur M. Sackler Gallery. Washington, D.C.: Smithsonian Institution Press, 208–211.

2. Cort, Louise Allison, Massumeh Farhad, and Ann C. Gunter. 2000. Asian Traditions in Clay: The Hauge Gifts. Washington, D.C.: Freer Gallery of Art and Arthur M. Sackler Gallery, 146 (illus.), no. 53.

3. Cort, Louise Allison (translated by Tabata Yukitsugu). 2002. "Kumeeru tōki—Hauge korekushon wo chūshin to shita Kumeeru tōki no kenkyū (Khmer ceramics—research on Khmer ceramics centering on the Hauge collection)." Tōnan Ajia kōkogaku [Journal of Southeast Asian Archaeology] (Journal of the Japan Society of Southeast Asian Archaeology) 22: 164, cat. no. 53.

Curatorial Remarks

1. (Victor Hauge, November 1996) Tapered cylindrical box with cover. Unglazed red pottery.

2. (Louise Cort, 18 January 1999) A measured drawing of this vessel was prepared by Sumida Tokiko on 11 November 1997 as part of the Nara National Research Institute for Cultural Properties survey of the Hauge collection of Khmer ceramics.

3. (Louise Cort, 9 June 1999) A covered urn of related form, with pointed knob, somewhat simpler foot ornamentation, a "dusty purplish lie de vin-type body" and eroded dark olive glaze (h. 17.4 cm) is dated perhaps first half of the 11th century (Brown 1988, pl. 25-c). The Japanese archaeologists working on Cambodian kiln sites are now inclined to understand "lie de vin" as underglazed stoneware with a coating of natural ash glaze.

Brown, Roxanna M. 1988. The Ceramics of South-East Asia: Their Dating and Identification. 2nd ed. Singapore: Oxford University Press.

4. (Louise Cort, 17 June 1999) An urn body of closely related shape and condition (underfired, with streaky remains of immature glaze) was excavated from a Buriram kiln site (possibly the Nai Jian site) (Suphot and Sirikun 1989, 62). Possibly vessels of this type were regularly placed at the back of the kiln, or in another "cold" spot. If they were really used as burial urns, vitrification would not have been absolutely necessary; today in Northeast Thailand earthenware pots are used for the same purpose.

Suphot Phrommānōt (Suphat Phonmomaanook), and Sirikun Phichaičhumphon (Sirikun Phichaychumphon). 1989. Tao Bān Krūat, Burīram (Ban Kruat Kilns, Buriram Province). Archaeology Series, Vol. 9. Bangkok: Krom Sinlapākǭn (Fine Arts Department).

5.  (Louise Cort, 23 July 1999) An urn body of related shape, described as having brown glaze (size not given) was found at the Sras Srang burial site and dated by stratigraphy to the middle of the 11th century (Mourer 1986, pl. 33, fig. 5).

Mourer, Roland. 1986. "La Poterie au Cambodge, vol.1". Ph.D. Dissertation, l'École des Hautes Études en Sciences Sociales, Paris.

6. (Louise Cort, 18 December 2003) A green-glazed casket with a plain lid like this one was excavated from test pit no. 4 at the site of Muang Fa Daet Song Yang, Amphoe Kamalasai, Kalasin Province, containing "human ashes" (bones are visible in the photograph) (Phasook ca. 2002, 102). The casket is dated 11th–12th century. Muang Fa Daet Song Yang is usually thought of as a Dvaravati period site, but this gives evidence that at the least the site continued to be a later locus for burial.
    
A green-glazed casket with tall knob on the lid was found at the ancient city of Srimahasot, Prachinburi province (ibid., 153). The context of the find is not described.

Phasook Indrawooth (Phasook Intrawooth). ca. 2002. A Guiding Manual for Permanent Exhibition "Social and Cultural Development in Thailand" Prehistory. Bangkok: Princess Maha Chakri Sirindhorn Anthropology Center.


field notes

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Thursday, March 26, 2009 | 6:34:16 PM | posted by: Team LOMAP

This object does not resemble Khmer earthenwares but rather seems quite similar in paste to S1996.183, which you describe as "red in color because it was underfired." So why not also describe this as "Earthenware or underfired stoneware" as was done for S1996.183?