Vessel with applied flange, incised and impressed decoration

  • Earthenware, blackened in firing
  • 18.5 x 25 cm
  • Ban Chiang culture
  • 2100-1700 BCE, Ban Chiang culture, early period
  • Origin: Northeast Thailand
  • Gift of Victor and Takako Hauge
  • S2004.14

Description

Earthenware vessel with largely gray-black surface, plain, inverted rim, appliqued flange at midsection. Incised curvilinear design infilled with rocker stamping on upper half of body, and diamond-pattern incised design throughout remainder of vessel.

Curatorial Remarks

1. (Louise Cort, 2 October 2001) The incised curving bands are of inconsistent width and the design is not evenly "framed" top and bottom. The ground is filled with hand-drawn cross-hatching. Compare vessel no. 141 in the 1982 Ban Chiang excavation exhibition (White 1982). The vessel is heavy for its size.

White, Joyce C. 1982. Ban Chiang: Discovery of a Lost Bronze Age. Philadelphia and Washington: University Museum, University of Pennsylvania Press and Smithsonian Institution.

2. (Ellen Chase, Louise Cort, and Blythe McCarthy, 6 May 2003) The spiral motifs are filled with double rows of rocker stamping. Was the original rim ground down? The design goes right to the edge of the rim (as it does on the vessel in the 1982 catalogue).
    
A vessel of similar body shape, published in Higham and Thosarat 1998, 67, fig. 87, has a tall trumpet-shaped rim wider in diameter than the body; the height is given as 21.5 cm, which seems too small (a typo for 31.5?). That vessel is associated with Non Kao Noi and Ban Chiang, two sites nearby one another, and dated circa 2300–2100 BCE.

Higham, Charles, and Rachanie Thosarat. 1998. Prehistoric Thailand: From Early Settlement to Sukhothai. Bangkok: River Books.

3. (Joyce White, 8 December 2003)  The shape is fine as Ban Chiang Early Period. Why is the vessel whole? (Excavated pieces are rarely in such good shape.) Rocker stamping and characteristic tapered base.

4. (Louise Cort, 17 September 2003) A vessel of nearly identical shape and decoration is illustrated in Higham and Thosarat 1998, 83, fig. 107 (height 13 cm). It is described as coming from the "severely looted site of Ban Phak Top," which "yielded arguably the most impressive assemblage of early Neolithic incised pottery in the Sakon Nakhon Basin." Ban Phak Top is no. 20 on the map (ibid., 66). It lies west of Ban Chiang, Non Kao Noi, and Ban Na Di. The site also yielded black vessels with tall trumpet-shaped rims and round-bottomed vessels with long necks and everted rims (ibid., 83, figs. 106, 108). Pottery of this sort was also found at Non Kao Noi (ibid., 86, 89, fig. 115, either Ban Chiang or Non Kao Noi, h. 18 cm).

Higham, Charles, and Rachanie Thosarat. 1998. Prehistoric Thailand: From Early Settlement to Sukhothai. Bangkok: River Books.  

5. (Louise Cort, 18 August 2004) Title changed from "Vessel" to "Pot with  small foot, applied ridge at edge of base, and plain mouth."

6. (Louise Cort, 16 February 2006) A vessel of this type, although with a tall, everted rim, is in the collection of the Norton Simon Museum (F1983.30.1S), where it is identified as "Black-ware vessel, c. 2200–1900 BCE, Thailand, northeast Khorat Plateau, Ban Chiang cultural tradition." The diameter of the mouth is just slightly smaller than the diameter of the body at the flange. The flange is plain, not notched as on the Hauge piece.

7. (Louise Cort, 26 December 2006) A black vessel of this form and decoration, height 26 cm, is said to have been found at Ban Tatu, according to C. Sri-ngam 1974 (fig. 16). The vessel was in the collection of princess Chumbot of Nagar Svarga, Suan Pakkad Palace, and presumably is still housed in the museum there.

C. Sri-ngam. 1975. The Flaming Torch of Priceless Culture and Ban Chieng. Bangkok: Praepittaya International Press.

8. (Louise Cort, 15 June 2013) The date for the Ban Chiang lower early period is given as 2100-1700 BCE on the Ban Chiang Project web site, accessed today (http://penn.museum/banchiang/about/chronology/).

Changed Date from 3600-2500 BCE to 2100-1700 BCE. Title changed from Vessel with applied flange, incised and stamped decoration to Vessel with applied flange, incised and impressed decoration. This brings the title into agreeemnt with the terminology used for this type of decoration by the Ban Chiang Project.


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