Bowl on pedestal foot

  • Earthenware with red pigment
  • 7.5 x 12 cm
  • Ban Prasat culture
  • 1000-600 BCE, Ban Prasat culture, mortuary phase 2
  • Origin: Nakhon Ratchasema (Khorat) province, Northeast Thailand
  • Gift of Victor and Takako Hauge
  • S2004.61

Description

Wide shallow vessel with footed base. Red slip, burnished, on exterior and interior.

Curatorial Remarks

1. (Ellen Chase, Louise Cort, and Blythe McCarthy, 5 May 2003) This vessel is OK.

Victor and Taka Hauge identified it as "Ban Prasat," based on published vessels from that site. Possibly Ban Lum Khao (Nakhon Ratchasima province, Northeast Thailand)? See Higham and Thosarat 1998, 114–117. Ban Prasat and Ban Lum Khao are close by one another, seemingly part of a single cultural context.

Higham, Charles, and Rachanie Thosarat. 1998. Prehistoric Thailand: From Early Settlement to Sukhothai. Bangkok: River Books.

2. (Judy Voelker, 9 December 2003) This vessel can be associated with Ban Lum Khao. There, a typical decor consists of horizontal burnishing lines, either wavy or straight, over cord-wrapped paddle marking. The Bronze Age site of Ban Lum Khao dates circa 1000–900 to 500 BCE. The burnishing lines on this vessel are quite rough.

3. (Louise Cort, 18 August 2004) Title changed from "Vessel" to "Bowl on pedestal foot."

4. (Louise Cort, 16 February 2006) A vessel of this type, with a rounded, cord-wrapped-paddle-impressed base and a smooth, red-slipped burnished shoulder and tall, trumpet-shaped neck, is in the collection of the Los Angeles County Museum of Art (acc. no. AC1997.66.1), where it is identified as from "Nong Song District, Nakhon Ratchasima, Thailand" and dated to circa 400 BC. The vessel is published in Labbe 2002.

Labbe, Armand. 2002. Prehistoric Thai Ceramics: Ban Chiang, Lopburi, and Khok Phanom Di and Related Sites in Regional and Cultural Perspective. Bangkok: White Lotus.

5. (Louise Cort, 18 October 2006) Vessels of this type were also excavated from Bronze Age burials at the large moated site of Ban Non Wat, south of Noen U-Loke in the upper Mun valley in Khorat province, as reported by Charles Higham at the European Association of Southeast Asian Archaeology meeting, 25 September 2006. This large site includes 470 inhumation graves, ranging in date from the Neolithic (radiocarbon dates 2100–1300) to the Iron Age, which yielded 3000 pots and 700 spindle whorls among a total of 18,000 objects. Radiocarbon dates for the Bronze Age and late Bronze Age spanned 1000–400 BCE. This type of pot was part of what Higham termed "Bronze Age super burials," containing thirty or more vessels along with bronzes axes and tools.

Changed Period from Prehistoric to Bronze Age.

6. (Louise Cort, 27 March 2008) Dates for this type of vessel have shifted as dating methods have been refined and data have increased. Higham (1996, 205–206) stated that the first mortuary phase of Ban Prasat—from which pots of this type were excavated—dates to 800–500 B.C. In a subsequent publication, he stated that the burials "probably date from around 800 B.C." (Higham and Rachanie 1998, 113).

Higham further states that "Ban Prasat and Ban Lum Khao share an identical ceramic assemblage," which he terms "Prasat style" (Higham and Rachanie, eds. 2004). Mortuary Phase Two at Ban Lum Khao, to which S2004.58–61 appear to belong in type (ibid., 64, fig. 3:43), is dated "within the period 1000-600 B.C." and "represents the Bronze Age of the upper Mun Valley" (ibid., 325).

Date is changed from 1000–500 B.C.E. to 1000–600 B.C.E., following the most recent dates for the "Prasat style." Period is changed from Ban Lum Khao tradition to Ban Prasat tradition.

Higham, Charles. 1996. The Bronze Age of Southeast Asia. Edited by Norman Yoffee. Cambridge World Archaeology. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

Higham, Charles, and Rachanie Thosarat. 1998. Prehistoric Thailand: From Early Settlement to Sukhothai. Bangkok: River Books.

Higham, Charles F. W., and Rachanie Thosarat, eds. 2004. The Excavation of Ban Lum Khao. Vol. 1, The Origins of the Civilizations of Angkor. Bangkok: The Thai Fine Arts Department.


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