Ceramics in Mainland Southeast Asia:
Collections in the Freer Gallery of Art and Arthur M. Sackler Gallery

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Bowl

  • Stoneware with celadon glaze
  • 5.1 x 14.8 cm
  • 13th-14th century, Vijaya period
  • Origin: Binh Dinh province, Central Vietnam
  • Provenance: Saigon (Ho Chi Minh City), Vietnam
  • Gift of Osborne and Gratia Hauge, and Victor and Takako Hauge
  • S2005.119

Description

Bowl with shallow curving sides, everted rim, carved footring and five spur marks from firing support on the centre.
Clay: grey stoneware.
Glaze: celadon, glossy, transparent; falls short of the lower exterior body.
Decoration: none.

Curatorial Remarks

1. (Louise Cort, 21 August 2003) In a conversation on 17 July 2001, Victor Hauge told me that he bought a dozen or more of these bowls, which were discovered in Binh Dinh province while he was in Vietnam and brought to the U. S. Embassy.

2. (Louise Cort, 2 August 2005) In a paper presented at the Asian ceramics conference at the Field Museum, Chicago, in October 1998, "Ceramic Production in Central Vietnam (Vijaya)," Allison Diem discussed the production of the stoneware kilns in Go Sanh, Binh Dinh province, as known through excavations conducted in 1993–1994.  With regard to the bowls of this type, she described three phases, distinguished in part by how much of the back of the bowl was glazed. In the first (oldest) phase, the glaze reached close to the foot rim; in the second phase, it was farther from the foot; and in the third phase, most of the back was left unglazed. The third phase appears to show the influence of wares from Ngoi, one of the Red River Delta kilns. She said the third phase corresponds to the 15th century. She also mentioned that sherds of Chinese ceramics from Fujian were found in the vicinity of the kilns.

3. (Louise Cort, 18 October 2005) According to archaeologist Morimoto Asako, Fukuoka, this bowl comes from a kiln in Binh Dinh province, although not from Go Sanh, which she helped to excavate. The glaze is closer to Chinese celadon than that of the other bowls with cut-out ring in the glaze. The five small firing spur scars and the application of the glaze nearly to the footrim correspond to bowls found in the older, lower level of the excavation of the Go Sanh kiln site.

The dating for Binh Dinh bowls with five spur marks, which correspond to stacking devices used at Longquan, is 13th–14th century.

In the 16th century lots of Chinese ceramics arrived in central Vietnam and it is believed that local production of glazed ware came to an end.

4. (Louise Cort, 20 December 2005) From Origin deleted China, South China; added Vietnam, Binh Dinh province. Changed Date from 14th–15th century to 13th–14th century.

5. (Louise Cort, 14 July 2006) According to Dr. Lu Hung and Mrs. Nguyen Thi Hong Mai, Vietnam Museum of Ethnology, Hanoi, the "Cham" bowls in the VME collection are said to have been excavated in Binh Dinh province by local people.


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