Bowl

  • Stoneware with iron glaze
  • 3.8 x 12.3 cm
  • 14th-15th century, Vijaya period
  • Origin: Binh Dinh province, Central Vietnam
  • Provenance: Saigon (Ho Chi Minh City), Vietnam
  • Gift of Osborne and Gratia Hauge, and Victor and Takako Hauge
  • S2005.129

Description

Small bowl with flared rim, bevelled footring. Deep brown glaze covers the whole vessel, foot and base unglazed, unglazed ring cut on interior bottom.
Clay: grey stoneware.

Curatorial Remarks

1. (Candy Chan, Intern, 16 April 2002) Dating of this Northern Vietnamese bowl is based on the known use of brown glaze at the northern kilns in the thirteenth century onward.

2. (Louise Cort, 21 August 2003) In a conversation on 17 July 2001, Victor Hauge told me that he bought a dozen or more of these bowls, which were discovered in Binh Dinh province while he was in Vietnam and brought to the U. S. Embassy.

3. (Louise Cort, 2 August 2005) In a paper presented at the Asian ceramics conference at the Field Museum, Chicago, in October 1998, "Ceramic Production in Central Vietnam (Vijaya)," Allison Diem discussed the production of the stoneware kilns in Go Sanh, Binh Dinh province, as known through excavations in 1993–1994.  With regard to the bowls of this type, she described three phases, distinguished in part by how much of the back of the bowl was glazed. In the first (oldest) phase, the glaze reached close to the foot rim; in the second phase, it was farther from the foot; and in the third phase, most of the back was unglazed. The third phase appears to show the influence of wares from Ngoi, one of the Red River Delta kilns. She said the third phase corresponds to the 15th century. She also mentioned that sherds of Chinese ceramics from Fujian were found in the vicinity of the kilns.

4. (Louise Cort, 12 October 2005) According to Morimoto Asako, archaeologist, Fukuoka, this bowl can be called "Cham," meaning that it was made at a kiln in Binh Dinh province, central Vietnam, but it is not from the Go Sanh kilns, which she helped to excavate. Black glaze was found on sherds from the Cay Me kilns, but this was not made there. Bowls like this were found at Lam Dong and other sites.

There is a tradition that the potters who operated the kilns in Binh Dinh province "came from elsewhere."

Binh Dinh bowls are distinguished by a ring cut through the glaze with multiple strokes rather than a single stroke, perhaps using a narrow blade and creating a ridged surface on the bare clay. (The Japanese term for this process is ‘rinjo yuhagi’; the cut-out ring is called ‘wahage’.)

In the 16th century lots of Chinese ceramics arrived in central Vietnam and it is believed that local production of glazed ware came to an end.

5. (Louise Cort, 20 December 2005) From Origin deleted Red River delta, added Binh Dinh province.

6. (Louise Cort, 14 July 2006) According to Dr. Lu Hung and Mrs. Nguyen Thi Hong Mai, Vietnam Museum of Ethnology, Hanoi, the "Cham" bowls in the VME collection are said to have been excavated in Binh Dinh province by local people.


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