Ceramics in Mainland Southeast Asia:
Collections in the Freer Gallery of Art and Arthur M. Sackler Gallery

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Jar with six vertical lugs

  • Stoneware with iron glaze
  • 55 x 37.7 cm
  • 18th-19th century, Qing dynasty
  • Origin: Guangdong province, China
  • Provenance: Saigon (Ho Chi Minh City), Vietnam
  • Gift of Osborne and Gratia Hauge, and Victor and Takako Hauge
  • S2005.174

Description

Jar of ovoid form with rounded shoulder tapering towards foot, broad neck, rounded rim and slightly recessed base. Six grooved vertical lugs on shoulder.
Clay: brown stoneware.
Glaze: red-brown with lustre, glossy, opaque; base and interior unglazed.
Decoration: none.

Published References

1. Lawton, Thomas, and Thomas W. Lentz. 1988. Beyond the Legacy: Anniversary Acquisitions for the Freer Gallery of Art and the Arthur M. Sackler Gallery. Washington, D.C.: Smithsonian Institution Press, 208–211.

Curatorial Remarks

1. (Louise Cort, 25 Jan 2005) Marie-France Dupoizat (Dupoizat 1988, 511–512) publishes this jar as her H28 and groups it, along with 2005.55 and 56, among the group of Vietnamese jars that "resemble the Chinese jars of Guangdong with their decoration showing variations that suggest to us a Vietnamese origin. Above all, the decoration executed mainly by incising is treated differently, presenting a feeling that is not comparable, while their flat bases present characteristic features that suggest the use of a mold.... The medallions at the top of the body are identical, with those on [S2005.55] executed in relief" (ibid., 505). She dates these jars 19th–20th century. Regarding this jar, she elaborates: "The absence of decoration and the sobriety of the form and glaze make an attribution difficult. Jars of recent manufacture present the same form and comparable glaze" (ibid., 511).

Dupoizat, Marie-France. 1988. "Recherches sur les Jarres en Asie du Sud-Est". Ph.D. Thesis, L'École des Hautes Études en Sciences Sociales, Paris.

2. (Louise Cort, 13 July 2006) Dr. Lu Hung and Mrs. Nguyen Thi Hong Mai, Vietnam Museum of Ethnology, Hanoi, noticed that this jar comes from a kiln different from the one that produced S2005.170, 172, and 173. Those jars have flat bases, black glaze over a dark clay body, and shell scars. This jar has a concave base and an amber glaze over a light-colored clay body. The glaze was carefully wiped off above the foot.

3. (Louise Cort, 20 Sept 2006) Possibly Chinese, and therefore a prototype for the Vietnamese jars of the same form?

Changed Culture from Vietnam to China. Changed Period from Nguyen dynasty to Qing dynasty. Changed Date from 18th–mid 20th century to 18th–19th century. Changed Origin from Vietnam, Phu Yen province, Tuy Hoa to China, Guangdong province. The possibility remains that this jar was made at a kiln in Bien Hoa or vicinity run by potters descended from immigrants from Guangdong. The clay body needs to be compared.

4. (Louise Cort, 14 June 2007) Dr. Nguyen Dinh Chien, Museum of Vietnamese History, Hanoi, thinks that this jar is Chinese and dates it to the 18th or 19th century.

5. (Louise Cort, 3 November 2011) According to Pariwat Thammapreechakorn, this jar can be associated with the Qishi kiln in Dongguan city, Guangdong province.

6. (Louise Cort, 14 November 2014) Curators at the Khanh Hoa Provincial Museum, Nha Trang, during a visit on 31 May 2007, identified S2005.152 and S2005.174 as types formerly made at kilns once active in the districts of Ninh Hoa and Khanh Vinh, to the interior from Nha Trang. S2005.170 and 171 were also identified as coming from Khanh Vinh, S2005.172, 173, and 177 as from Ninh Hoa. S2005.178 was associated with Ninh Hoa as well as Lu Cam, a kiln upriver from Nga Trang.


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