Ceramics in Mainland Southeast Asia:
Collections in the Freer Gallery of Art and Arthur M. Sackler Gallery

Print | Back to Normal Layout

Vase or architectural ornament

  • Stoneware with celadon glaze
  • 31.4 x 15 cm
  • Kalong ware
  • mid 13th-late 18th century, Lan Na period
  • Origin: Kalong kilns, Kalong, Chiang Rai province, Northern Thailand
  • Provenance: Possibly Bangkok,
  • Gift of Osborne and Gratia Hauge, and Victor and Takako Hauge
  • S2005.218


Much bloating.
Glaze: pale celadon glaze.

Curatorial Remarks

1. (Louise Cort, 24 November 2003) According to Victor Hauge, this piece was probably acquired in Bangkok by Osborne and Gratia Hauge. IT was not one of the northern Thai pieces that he acquired in the field.

2. (Louise Cort, 5 September 2006) An narrow, elongated vessel of similar form (h. 29.0 cm), with what appears to be underfired glaze (a kiln waster?), is said to be Phayao ware. It belongs to the museum of the temple Wat Sri Komkam in Phayao (Shaw 1989, 88–89, 224). Shaw comments that the Phayao body is typically gray and is concealed by white slip under celadon glaze. Some sherds, however, "have a sandy, orange-brown or whitish-grey appearance."

Shaw, John C. 1989. Northern Thai Ceramics. 2nd ed. Chiang Mai: Duangphorn Kemasingki.

3. (Louise Cort, 18 January 2008) In her paper for the 35th annual meeting of the Toyo Toji Gakkai, 17–18 November 2007, Yajima Ritsuko reconsidered the dates for the activity of the Kalong kilns based on comparison of form, shaping, and decoration to Chinese ceramics, notably the popular kilns in 15th century Jingdezhen with regard to iron-decorated wares and Ming-period celadon with regard to green-glazed wares.

"It appears that the Si Satchanalai and Sukhothai kilns in central Thailand made great strides during the second half of the 14th century, and the impact of Yuan period Longquan celadon and Jingdezhen blue-and-white is evident. In contrast, the Kalong kilns, with their central role among the kilns of northern Thailand, appear to have been influenced by the forms of Ming ceramics anywhere from half a century to a century later. During the second half of the 15th century, the Lanna kingdom sent envoys to China, leading to closer connections between the two, and this may bear a relationship to the start of the influx of Chinese ceramics into northern Thailand."

She concludes that the earliest possible activity was at least 14th century (by comparison with kiln stacking procedures also used at early Si Satchanalai kilns), while the latest may have been early 17th century (based on the existence of white Kalong-ware pipe bowls, used for tobacco that was introduced into Southeast Asia from the New World circa 1600); (Yajima 2007, 3–4).

Yajima Ritsuko. 2007. "Tai no tetsu-e—Karonyō no katsudo nendai wo meguru kosatsu [Thai iron-painted decoration—a thought about the dating of activity at the Kalong kilns]". Paper read at Tōyō Tōji Gakkai dai 35 kai taikai kenkyū happyō yōshi [Outline of research reports for the 35th annual meeting of the Oriental Ceramics Society], 17–18 November, at Tokyo: Oriental Ceramics Society.

4. (S. Kitsoulis as noted in Period field, 18 May 2009) Added "Mid 13th - late 18th century" to date field.

field notes

Submit Comment 0 comments total

No field notes found.