Ceramics in Mainland Southeast Asia:
Collections in the Freer Gallery of Art and Arthur M. Sackler Gallery

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Dish with an unglazed rim

  • Stoneware with celadon glaze
  • 4.4 x 22.9 cm
  • Kalong ware
  • 14th-mid 16th century, Lan Na period
  • Origin: Kalong kilns, Kalong, Chiang Rai province, Northern Thailand
  • Gift of Osborne and Gratia Hauge, and Victor and Takako Hauge
  • S2005.219

Description

Low dish with plain upright rim, wide base, and shallow, wide carved footrim. On interior, small ridge (made during throwing) defines divide between bottom and cavetto.
Clay: light-gray stoneware with some black includions.
Glaze: green-gray glaze on interior and exterior to footrim, but wiped off rim. Base unglazed, with white scar of tubular firing support almost as large in diameter as base.
Decoration: none.

Curatorial Remarks

1. (Louise Cort, 18 January 2008) In her paper for the 35th annual meeting of the Toyo Toji Gakkai, 17–18 November 2007, Yajima Ritsuko reconsidered the dates for the activity of the Kalong kilns based on comparison of form, shaping, and decoration to Chinese ceramics, notably the popular kilns in 15th century Jingdezhen with regard to iron-decorated wares and Ming-period celadon with regard to green-glazed wares.

"It appears that the Si Satchanalai and Sukhothai kilns in central Thailand made great strides during the second half of the 14th century, and the impact of Yuan period Longquan celadon and Jingdezhen blue-and-white is evident. In contrast, the Kalong kilns, with their central role among the kilns of northern Thailand, appear to have been influenced by the forms of Ming ceramics anywhere from half a century to a century later. During the second half of the 15th century, the Lanna kingdom sent envoys to China, leading to closer connections between the two, and this may bear a relationship to the start of the influx of Chinese ceramics into northern Thailand."

She concludes that the earliest possible activity was at least 14th century (by comparison with kiln stacking procedures also used at early Si Satchanalai kilns), while the latest may have been early 17th century (based on the existence of white Kalong-ware pipe bowls, used for tobacco that was introduced into Southeast Asia from the New World circa 1600); (Yajima 2007, 3–4).

Yajima Ritsuko. 2007. "Tai no tetsu-e—Karonyō no katsudo nendai wo meguru kosatsu [Thai iron-painted decoration—a thought about the dating of activity at the Kalong kilns]". Paper read at Tōyō Tōji Gakkai dai 35 kai taikai kenkyū happyō yōshi [Outline of research reports for the 35th annual meeting of the Oriental Ceramics Society], 17–18 November, at Tokyo: Oriental Ceramics Society.

2. (Louise Cort, 18 February 2008) Not Kalong but San Kamphaeng?


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