Ceramics in Mainland Southeast Asia:
Collections in the Freer Gallery of Art and Arthur M. Sackler Gallery

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  • Stoneware with iron glaze
  • 13.1 x 12.3 cm
  • Sawankhalok ware
  • 13th-14th century, Sukhothai period or Ayutthaya period
  • Origin: Ban Ko Noi kilns, Si Satchanalai, Sukhothai province, North-central Thailand
  • Gift of Osborne and Gratia Hauge, and Victor and Takako Hauge
  • S2005.243


Squat baluster-shaped jar with tall cylindrical neck, flaring flanged mouth, borad shoulder, tapering body, and flat disc-shaped base.

Curatorial Remarks

1. (Louise Cort, 17 July 2002) A Northern Thai kiln or Si Satchanalai?

2. (Louise Cort, 15 February 2006) This jar could not possibly be the product of a Northern Thai kiln. It is thick-walled and heavy for its size. The glaze (applied both inside and outside) is watery and irregular. The form closely resembles a Khmer jar. For now, it is described as Probably Si Satchanalai ware.

3. (Louise Cort, 13 January 2007) A jar of similar size (h. 15.0 cm) and shape (shorter neck, incised decor on shoulder), bearing a shiny brown glaze, is identified as San Kamphaeng ware and dated 14th–15th century (Pariwat et al. 1996, 258).

Pariwat Thammapreechakorn, Lertrit Sawang, and Kritsada Pinsri. 1996. Sinlapa khrư̄ang thûai nai Prathēt Thai (Ceramic Art in Thailand). 2nd ed. Bangkok: Ostospa Co. Ltd.

4. (Louise Cort, 23 January 2007) In form, decoration, clay body, and runny dark-green glaze, this jar appears to be related to the jars described by Don Hein as coming from the MON level of kiln activity at Si Satchanalai, roughly 13th–14th century, and dating sometime before the late 14th century. Hein illustrates a number of such jars of larger size recovered by looters from the vicinities of Buddhist monasteries, where they had been used for burial of cremated remains (Hein 2001, figs. 22i–j, 23f–g, 24d).

To Origin added Sukhothai province, Si Satchanalai, Si Satchanalai kilns. Changed Ware from Probably Si Satchanalai ware to Si Satchanalai ware. Changed Date from 14th–15th century to 13th–14th century.

Hein, Don. 2001. "The Sawankhalok Ceramic Industry: from Domestic Enterprise to Regional Entrepreneur". PhD Thesis, Department of Science and Technology, Deakin University, Melbourne.

5. (Louise Cort, 17 February 2008) A brown-glazed jar of this type was recovered from the Rang Kwian shipwreck, which Brown dates broadly to circa 1368–1400, with the possibility that it dates to the early 15th century (Brown 2004, 60, figs. 2a, b, RK 037, h. 11.5 cm, diam. 11 cm).

Brown, Roxanna Maude. 2004. "The Ming Gap and Shipwreck Ceramics in Southeast Asia". Ph.D. Dissertation, Department of Art History, University of California, Los Angeles.

6. (Louise Cort, 29 May 2008) Don Hein, in Washington to present the Pope Memorial Lecture, said he did not think this jar dates as early as the MON phase at Sawankhalok. He remarked that Sawankhalok jars were made in different workshops from dishes, using a different clay body and different procedures for setting the kiln.

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