• Stoneware with iron glaze
  • 6.1 x 4.8 cm
  • Sawankhalok ware
  • 15th-16th century, Ayutthaya period
  • Origin: Sawankhalok kilns, Si Satchanalai, Sukhothai province, North-central Thailand
  • Gift of Osborne and Gratia Hauge, and Victor and Takako Hauge
  • S2005.251


Small amber-glazed bottle with ochre patch.

Curatorial Remarks

1. (Louise Cort, 29 May 2008) Don Hein, in Washington to present the Pope Memorial Lecture, felt that this bottle was not a modern fake (as I had long suspected). The brown glaze is typical of that found on LASW (Late Stoneware) phase products of the Sawankhalok kilns, dating to the late 15th–16th century. The base is neatly formed, suggestive of something made as a miniature. The whitish clay indicates that primary clay was mixed with the original local clay—as was typical of LASW production.

The original clay was uncovered by potters when digging kilns into clay lenses (for support). Several clay pits are found around most kilns. The clay was sedimentary and usually iron-rich, producing a dark brown color as seen on dishes of the MON phase of production. During the MASW (MON-Associated Stoneware) phase (or "event," since it was short-lived), potters from elsewhere introduced the use of white primary clay. (Hein feels these may have been "Cham" potters.) The high-sodium feldspar-based clay fused at a lower temperature than the MON clay. One intact piece of MASW ware was found at a Tak burial due west of Si Satchanalai.

Changed Date from 14th–mid 16th century to 15th–16th century.

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