Ceramics in Mainland Southeast Asia:
Collections in the Freer Gallery of Art and Arthur M. Sackler Gallery

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Bottle with two vertical ring handles

  • Stoneware with iron glaze
  • 12.5 x 9.8 cm
  • Sawankhalok ware
  • 15th-16th century, Ayutthaya period
  • Origin: Sawankhalok kilns, Si Satchanalai, Sukhothai province, North-central Thailand
  • Gift of Osborne and Gratia Hauge, and Victor and Takako Hauge
  • S2005.256


Bottle with pear-shaped body, two ring handles at the short neck, cup-shaped mouth and splayed foot and recessed base.
Clay: fine brown stoneware.
Glaze: iron brown, glossy, opaque; falls short of the lower body.
Decoration: incised rings on the upper body.

Curatorial Remarks

1. (Candy Chan, Research Assistant, May 19, 2003) Si Satchanalai brown glazed eared bottles of this type were found in the Ko Kradat shipwreck. It is a mid-16th century shipwreck with reference to a blue and white porcelain base shard bearing 'Da Ming Jiajing nianzhi' (made during the reign of Jiajing (1522–1566) in the Great Ming Dynasty) and another shard with a Wanli reign mark (1573–1619) (Green and Harper 1987, 9, fig. 6).

Green, Jeremy, and Rosemary Harper. 1987. The Maritime Archaeology of Shipwrecks and Ceramics in Southeast Asia. Australian Institute for Maritime Archaeology Special Publication No. 4. Fremantle: Australian Institute for Maritime Archaeology.

2. (Louise Cort, 14 January 2007) Don Hein associated celadon-glazed and brown-glazed wares in a generally Ming Chinese style with the wares made at Si Satchanalai that he terms LASW (Late Stoneware) (Hein 2001, figs. 42–43, especially 43, the form he terms "barrel jarlets"). Although Hein is cautious about dating, he suggests that LASW dates to 15th–16th century (Hein 1999, 150).

Changed Date from 14th–mid 16th century to 15th–16th century.

Hein, Don. 2001. "The Sawankhalok Ceramic Industry: from Domestic Enterprise to Regional Entrepreneur". PhD Thesis, Department of Science and Technology, Deakin University, Melbourne.

Hein, Don. 1999. "The First Underglaze Painted Decoration at Sawankhalok: identification of a key influence? (Diqu shouci chuxian de youxia caihui: Taigou taoci tazhan shi shang wailai yingxiang de zhongyao xiansuo?)." Guoli Taiwan daxue Meishushi yanjiu jikan (The Taida Journal of Art History) 7: 137–158.

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