Ceramics in Mainland Southeast Asia:
Collections in the Freer Gallery of Art and Arthur M. Sackler Gallery

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Bottle with two vertical ring handles

  • Stoneware with celadon glaze
  • 7.5 x 7.1 cm
  • Sawankhalok ware
  • 15th century, Ayutthaya period
  • Origin: Sawankhalok kilns, Si Satchanalai, Sukhothai province, North-central Thailand
  • Gift of Osborne and Gratia Hauge, and Victor and Takako Hauge
  • S2005.265


Globular jarlet with a cup shaped mouth, tall foot, flat base and two ring handles on shoulder.
Clay: light grey stoneware.
Glaze: bluish green, glossy, transparent, finely crazed; falls short irregularly above foot, some glaze dripped further down onto the base; interior unglazed.
Decoration: none.

Curatorial Remarks

1. (Candy Chan, Research Assistant, May 21, 2003) Dishes of this type were found in the Royal Nanhai shipwreck (+/- 1460 AD). This mid-15th century vessel of South China Sea type was discovered off the eastern coast of peninsular Malaysia in 1995. It was dated with reference to the finds of Chinese blue and white bowl of the interregnum period. This vessel carried about 21,000 ceramics, most of which are Sisatchanalai celadon wares. A large number of Singburi jars were also found (Brown and Sjostrand 2001, 51, color pls. 57, 59).

Brown, Roxanna M., and Sten Sjostrand. 2001. Maritime Archaeology and Shipwreck Ceramics in Malaysia. Kuala Lumpur: Department of Museums and Antiques.

2. (Louise Cort, 17 February 2008) Many of the features also found on this dish (light-colored body, well-formulated celadon glaze, carved fluting on the outside wall, an incised vinescroll design on the upper cavetto below the everted rim, scar on the base of a tubular firing support of small diameter) are found on dishes recovered from the Ko Khram shipwreck (Brown 2004, pls. 37–38). A dish recovered from the Belanakan shipwreck has these features plus a plain circle incised in the center bottom (Brown 2004, pls. 57, 1). Brown dates these shipwrecks to the middle 15th century (circa 1424/30–1487) and terms the representative wares "Sawankhalok classic celadon."

Changed Date from 14th–mid 16th century to 15th century.

Brown, Roxanna Maude. 2004. "The Ming Gap and Shipwreck Ceramics in Southeast Asia". Ph.D. Dissertation, Department of Art History, University of California, Los Angeles.

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