Dish with incised decoration

  • Stoneware with celadon glaze
  • 9.7 x 32 cm
  • Sawankhalok ware
  • late 15th-16th century, Ayutthaya period
  • Origin: Sawankhalok kilns, Si Satchanalai, Sukhothai province, North-central Thailand
  • Gift of Osborne and Gratia Hauge, and Victor and Takako Hauge
  • S2005.268

Description

Dish with rounded side, notched flaring rim, bevelled footring and a black circular scar from tubular kiln support on recessed base. A crack extends from rim to interior bottom.
Clay: coarse, grey stoneware with black inclusions, oxidized to buff grey.
Glaze: grassy green, glossy, transparent, finely crazed; base unglazed.
Decoration: incised with a swirl on central medallion, cross-hatching bordered by rings on cavetto, undulating lines on rim, vertical lines bordered by rings on exterior body.

Curatorial Remarks

1. (Candy Chan, Research Assistant, May 19, 2003) Si Satchanalai celadon plates of this type were found in the Ko Samui wreck site, from Surat Thani province, the Gulf of Thailand (Green and Harper 1987, 7, fig. 8d).

Fragments of celadon plate of this type were found at the Pattaya Wreck site, which lies near Pattaya in the Gulf of Thailand. Some Si Satchanalai celadon wares were found together with many stoneware jars made in Maenam Noi kilns in Singburi province. The date of this site is yet uncertain (Green and Harper 1983, 17, 232).

Dishes of this type dating 14th–15th century were unearthed at a grave site in Puerto Galera, Mindoro in Philippines, together with other burial objects dating from 10th to 15th century (Locsin and Locsin 1967, 167, pl. 164).

Green, Jeremy, and Rosemary Harper. 1987. The Maritime Archaeology of Shipwrecks and Ceramics in Southeast Asia. Australian Institute for Maritime Archaeology Special Publication No. 4. Fremantle: Australian Institute for Maritime Archaeology.

Green, Jeremy, and Rosemary Harper. 1983. The Excavation of the Pattaya Wreck Site and Survey of Three Other Sites, Thailand, 1982. Australian Institute for Maritime Archaeology Special Publication No. 1. Fremantle: Australian Institute for Maritime Archaeology.

Locsin, Leandro, and Cecilia Locsin. 1967. Oriental Ceramics discovered in the Philippines. Rutland, VT and Tokyo: Charles E. Tuttle Co.

2. (Louise Cort, 14 January 2007) Don Hein associated celadon-glazed wares in a generally Ming Chinese style with the wares made at Si Satchanalai that he terms LASW (Late Stoneware) (Hein 2001, fig. 42–43). Although Hein is cautious about dating, he suggests that LASW dates to 15th–16th century (Hein 1999, 150).

Changed Date from 14th–mid 16th century to 15th–16th century.

Hein, Don. 2001. "The Sawankhalok Ceramic Industry: from Domestic Enterprise to Regional Entrepreneur". PhD Thesis, Department of Science and Technology, Deakin University, Melbourne.

Hein, Don. 1999. "The First Underglaze Painted Decoration at Sawankhalok: identification of a key influence? (Diqu shouci chuxian de youxia caihui: Taigou taoci tazhan shi shang wailai yingxiang de zhongyao xiansuo?)." Guoli Taiwan daxue Meishushi yanjiu jikan (The Taida Journal of Art History) 7: 137–158.

3. (Louise Cort, 17 February 2008) According to Roxanna Brown's research on shipwrecks, this decorative format of crosshatching incised with a comb tool first appears in combination with a thinner, somewhat yellowish celadon glaze, on Sawankhalok vessels recovered from shipwrecks dating from the late 15th century and continues into the 16th century. These products are associated by excavations with the kilns at Ban Pa Yang (Brown 2004, 72).

Changed Date from 15th–16th century to Late 15th–16th century.

Brown, Roxanna Maude. 2004. "The Ming Gap and Shipwreck Ceramics in Southeast Asia". Ph.D. Dissertation, Department of Art History, University of California, Los Angeles.

4. (Louise Cort, 29 May 2008) Don Hein, in Washington to present the Pope Memorial Lecture, stated that this is a typical product of kilns at Ban Koh Noi. Kilns at Pa Yang made small boxes and other small pieces with greater finesse.


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