Bowl with incised decoration

  • Stoneware with celadon glaze
  • 11.3 x 22.2 cm
  • Sawankhalok ware
  • 15th century, Ayutthaya period
  • Origin: Sawankhalok kilns, Si Satchanalai, Sukhothai province, North-central Thailand
  • Gift of Osborne and Gratia Hauge, and Victor and Takako Hauge
  • S2005.269


Lopsided deep bowl with rounded side, flared rim, bevelled footring, a black circular scar from tubular kiln support on recessed base.
Clay: light grey stoneware with black inclusions, oxidized to buff colour where exposed in firing.
Glaze: celadon, glossy, heavily crazed; pooled at well; glaze dripped down over the foot forming harden dropplets of glaze on the bottom edge of the foot; base unglazed.
Decoration: incised lotus blossom on well, overlapping lotus petals bordered by triple rings on cavetto.

Curatorial Remarks

1. (Candy Chan, Research Assistant, May 19, 2003) Bowls of this type were found in both the Nanyang shipwreck (+/- 1380 AD) and the Royal Nanhai shipwreck (+/- 1460 AD). The Nanyang shipwreck was discovered off the eastern coast of peninsular Malaysia. It carried mainly Si Satchanalai celadon. According to Brown, the Nanyang is currently the earliest known shipwreck with celadon wares from Si Satchanalai. Spur marks are common on these celadon plates and represent a stacking method used in the early phase of Si Satchanalai production. The Royal Nanhai is a mid-15th century vessel of South China Sea type discovered off the eastern coast of peninsular Malaysia in 1995. It was dated with reference to the finds of Chinese blue and white bowl of the interregnum period. This vessel carried about 21,000 ceramics, most of which are Si Satchanalai celadon wares. A large number of Singburi jars were also found (Brown and Sjostrand 2001, 47 and 51, color pls. 32, 60).

Brown, Roxanna M., and Sten Sjostrand. 2001. Maritime Archaeology and Shipwreck Ceramics in Malaysia. Kuala Lumpur: Department of Museums and Antiques.

2. (Louise Cort, 14 January 2007) Don Hein associated celadon-glazed wares in a generally Ming Chinese style with the wares made at Si Satchanalai that he terms LASW (Late Stoneware) (Hein 2001, figs. 42–43). Although Hein is cautious about dating, he suggests that LASW dates to 15th–16th century (Hein 1999, 150).

Changed Date from 14th–mid 16th century to 15th–16th century.

Hein, Don. 2001. "The Sawankhalok Ceramic Industry: from Domestic Enterprise to Regional Entrepreneur". PhD Thesis, Department of Science and Technology, Deakin University, Melbourne.

Hein, Don. 1999. "The First Underglaze Painted Decoration at Sawankhalok: identification of a key influence? (Diqu shouci chuxian de youxia caihui: Taigou taoci tazhan shi shang wailai yingxiang de zhongyao xiansuo?)." Guoli Taiwan daxue Meishushi yanjiu jikan (The Taida Journal of Art History) 7: 137–158.

3. (Louise Cort, 17 February 2008) On the basis of research on materials recovered from shipwrecks, Roxanna Brown terms this type of ware "Sawankhalok classic celadon" and dates it to the 15th century (circa 1424/30–1487).

A bowl with this type of elaborately incised floral decor on the interior and a plain exterior was recovered from the Nanyang shipwreck, which she place relatively early in the 15th century, on the basis of other ceramic cargo (Brown 2004, 65, pls. 31, 4a–b, N 735, diam. 16 cm, h. 9.2 cm).

Changed Date from 15th–16th century to 15th century.

Brown, Roxanna Maude. 2004. "The Ming Gap and Shipwreck Ceramics in Southeast Asia". Ph.D. Dissertation, Department of Art History, University of California, Los Angeles.

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