• Stoneware with iron pigment over white slip, under clear glaze
  • 8 x 20.2 cm
  • Sawankhalok ware
  • 16th century, Ayutthaya period
  • Origin: Ban Pa Yang kilns, Si Satchanalai, Sukhothai province, North-central Thailand
  • Gift of Osborne and Gratia Hauge, and Victor and Takako Hauge
  • S2005.282


Bowl with rounded sides, flared rim and bevelled footring, a black circular scar from tubular kiln support on recessed base.
Clay: light grey stoneware with black inclusions; orange flush on base where exposed in firing.
Glaze: pale green, transparent, low gloss, crazed; falls short of foot. Some milky blue patches on the interior bottom where the glaze is thick.
Decoration: painted in iron black pigment over white slip with a cakra design on central medallion, leafy scroll amid dotted ground bordered by triple lines on cavetto, five fern-liked motifs bordered by triple lines on exterior.

Curatorial Remarks

1. (Candy Chan, Research Assistant, May 19, 2003) Underglazed iron painted bowls of this type were excavated from the Pa Yang kiln group in Sisatchanalai, North-central Thailand (Harper 1986, 36, no. 66).

Harper, Rosemary. 1986. A study of painted under glaze decorated sherds Si Satchanalai Thailand. Research Centre for Southeast Asian Ceramics Papers, 2. Adelaide: Art Gallery of South Adelaide, University of Adelaide.

2. (Louise Cort, 14 January 2007) Don Hein associated simple painted and stamped iron-pigment decoration in a generally Ming Chinese style with the wares made at Si Satchanalai that he terms LASW (Late Stoneware) (Hein 2001, fig. 45). Although Hein is cautious about dating, he suggests that LASW dates to 15th–16th century (Hein 1999, 150).

Changed Date from 14th–mid 16th century to 16th century. The dotted background is so close to Zhangzhou blue-and-white decoration that this bowl must date no earlier than the 16th century.

Hein, Don. 2001. "The Sawankhalok Ceramic Industry: from Domestic Enterprise to Regional Entrepreneur". PhD Thesis, Department of Science and Technology, Deakin University, Melbourne.

Hein, Don. 1999. "The First Underglaze Painted Decoration at Sawankhalok: identification of a key influence? (Diqu shouci chuxian de youxia caihui: Taiguo taoci tazhan shi shang wailai yingxiang de zhongyao xiansuo?)." Guoli Taiwan daxue Meishushi yanjiu jikan (The Taida Journal of Art History) 7: 137–158.

3. (Louise Cort, 20 May 2008) Based on her research on shipwrecks, Roxanna Brown dates iron-decorated bowls of this type (closely based on Chinese porcelain decoration) from the Si Satchanalai kilns to the sixteenth century (circa 1520–1570/84); (Brown 2004). She illustrates a box with similar decoration recovered from the Singtai shipwreck, which she dates circa 1512–1540 (ibid., pl. 68-2). Bowls with this type of decor were found on the Xuande shipwreck, which Brown dates to the same era as the Singtai (ibid., pl. 71-5).

Changed Date from mid-14th–16th century to 16th century.

Brown, Roxanna Maude. 2004. "The Ming Gap and Shipwreck Ceramics in Southeast Asia". Ph.D. Dissertation, Department of Art History, University of California, Los Angeles.

4. (Louise Cort, 29 May 2008) Don Hein, in Washington to present the Pope Memorial Lecture, commented that the black leaf design is more common on wares made at the Koh Noi kilns, but this could be a Pa Yang product. (The conch, bird, and "philosopher under a tree" motifs are found only at Pa yang.)

In the late part of the LASW (Later Stoneware) phase, the industry split. The Koh Noi kilns made mainly celadon-glazed vessels, also brown or white-glazed pieces, but no pieces combining brown and white glazes. Those were the province of Pa Yang, which did generally fine work and specialized in boxes and small bowls.

field notes

Submit Comment 0 comments total

No field notes found.

main image

View larger image [682KB] > >

sample thumbnailsample thumbnailsample thumbnail