Ceramics in Mainland Southeast Asia:
Collections in the Freer Gallery of Art and Arthur M. Sackler Gallery

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Bowl

  • Stoneware with iron pigment under clear glaze
  • 6.2 x 13.9 cm
  • Sawankhalok ware
  • 16th century, Ayutthaya period
  • Origin: Ban Pa Yang kilns, Si Satchanalai, Sukhothai province, North-central Thailand
  • Gift of Osborne and Gratia Hauge, and Victor and Takako Hauge
  • S2005.285

Description

Bowl with rounded sides, upright rim and bevelled footring. Traces of scar from tubular kiln support on base.
Clay: light grey stoneware with black specks.
Glaze: pale green, glossy, transparent, crazed; base unglazed.
Decoration: painted in iron black; two circular bands of 'pikun' blossoms bordered by a series of concentric circles on interior, a band with same design on exterior.

Curatorial Remarks

1. (Candy Chan, Research Assistant, May 19, 2003) Underglazed iron painted bowls of this type were excavated from the Pa Yang kiln site, Si Satchanalai, North-central Thailand  (Harper 1986, 37,  40, nos. 67–68, 79).

Harper, Rosemary. 1986. A study of painted under glaze decorated sherds Si Satchanalai Thailand. Research Centre for Southeast Asian Ceramics Papers, 2. Adelaide: Art Gallery of South Adelaide, University of Adelaide.

2. (Louise Cort, 14 January 2007) Don Hein associated simple painted and stamped iron-pigment decoration in a generally Ming Chinese style with the wares made at Si Satchanalai that he terms LASW (Late Stoneware), (Hein 2001, fig. 45). Although Hein is cautious about dating, he suggests that LASW dates to 15th–16th century (Hein 1999, 150).

Changed Date from 14th–mid 16th century to 15th–16th century.

Hein, Don. 2001. "The Sawankhalok Ceramic Industry: from Domestic Enterprise to Regional Entrepreneur". PhD Thesis, Department of Science and Technology, Deakin University, Melbourne.

Hein, Don. 1999. "The First Underglaze Painted Decoration at Sawankhalok: identification of a key influence? (Diqu shouci chuxian de youxia caihui: Taigou taoci tazhan shi shang wailai yingxiang de zhongyao xiansuo?)." Guoli Taiwan daxue Meishushi yanjiu jikan (The Taida Journal of Art History) 7: 137–158.

3. (Louise Cort, 11 January 2005) It has been suggested that the "sunburst" or "flower" motif on bowls of this type were stamped with a dried opium-poppy seed-pod (Guérin and von Oenen 2005, 53, fig. 33a).

Guérin, Nicol, and Dick von Oenen. 2005. Thai Ceramic Art: The Three Religions. Singapore: Suntree Media.

4. (Louise Cort, 21 May 2008) According to Roxanna Brown's work research on shipwrecks, Bowls with the Sukhothai ware version of this design were recovered from the Singtai shipwreck, which Brown dates to circa 1512–1540 (Brown 2004, pls. 69-5, 69-6).

Changed Date from 15th–16th century to 16th century.

Brown, Roxanna Maude. 2004. "The Ming Gap and Shipwreck Ceramics in Southeast Asia". Ph.D. Dissertation, Department of Art History, University of California, Los Angeles.


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