Ceramics in Mainland Southeast Asia:
Collections in the Freer Gallery of Art and Arthur M. Sackler Gallery

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Jar with incised decoration and lid

  • Stoneware with celadon glaze
  • 13.8 x 10.6 cm
  • Sawankhalok ware
  • 16th century, Ayutthaya period
  • Origin: Sawankhalok kilns, Si Satchanalai, Sukhothai province, North-central Thailand
  • Gift of Osborne and Gratia Hauge, and Victor and Takako Hauge
  • S2005.287a-b

Description

Globular jar with tall neck, slightly flared mouth, splayed foot, a black circular scar from tubular kiln support on recessed base; covered by a conical lid with a lotus bud knob.
Clay: coarse, light grey stoneware with black inclusions; oxidized to reddish brown where not covered by tubular kiln support.
Glaze: greyish green, low gloss, translucent, crazed; falls short above foot. Underside of the lid unglazed; glaze wiped off from rim of the jar.
Decoration: incised bands on shoulder as well as on lid.

Curatorial Remarks

1. Louise Cort, 20 May 2008) Based on her research on shipwrecks, Roxanna Brown dates vessels with pale gray-green celadon glaze and with no decoration other than bands of incised lines to the late 15th or 16th century, on the basis of shipwreck finds.

Changed Date from 14th–mid-16th century to 16th century.

Brown, Roxanna Maude. 2004. "The Ming Gap and Shipwreck Ceramics in Southeast Asia". Ph.D. Dissertation, Department of Art History, University of California, Los Angeles.

2. (Louise Cort, 29 May 2008) Don Hein, in Washington to present the Pope Memorial Lecture, commented that lots of small lids were found at the late phase of the Koh Noi kiln sites in Sawankhalok. They came in a range of sizes and were probably made separately, to be matched up with vessels after the firing, in a "one-size-fits-all" approach.

The lip of this bottle was glaze but the glaze has been ground off.

The small-diameter scar of the tubular support confirms a date within the LASW (Late Stoneware) phase of production, when such supports were used.


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