Ceramics in Mainland Southeast Asia:
Collections in the Freer Gallery of Art and Arthur M. Sackler Gallery

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Dish

  • Stoneware with white slip and iron pigment under clear glaze
  • 9.4 x 24.3 cm
  • Sukhothai ware
  • 16th century, Ayutthaya period
  • Origin: Sukhothai kilns, Sukhothai, Sukhothai province, North-central Thailand
  • Gift of Osborne and Gratia Hauge, and Victor and Takako Hauge
  • S2005.297

Description

Dish with slightly everted rim, straight carved footring but slightly damaged; five repairs on rim; five spur marks from kiln stacking ring on interior bottom.
Clay: medium grey stoneware with white impurities, coarse and grainy.
Glaze: slightly milky, transparent, matte interior but slightly glossy on exterior; marred by pinholes on exterior lower body; foot and base unglazed.
Decoration: painted in underglaze iron pigment over thick creamy white slip; interior: a flower design on central medallion, a band of vegetal scroll on cavetto right below a band of geometric pattern; exterior: a band of vegetal design above a row of curve lines on body.

Curatorial Remarks

1. (Candy Chan, Research Assistant, May 20, 2003) A bowl of this type is in the James and Elaine Connell collection at the Asian Art Museum of San Francisco (Asian Art Museum of San Francisco 1993, 146, pl. 123).

Asian Art Museum of San Francisco, ed. 1993. Thai Ceramics: The James and Elaine Connell Collection. Kuala Lumpur: Oxford University Press.   

2. (Louise Cort, 14 January 2007) Don Hein associated the start of the Sukhothai kilns with the wares made at Si Satchanalai that he terms TRSW (Transitional Stoneware); (Hein 2001, fig. 95). Although Hein is cautious about dating, he suggests that TRSW dates to late 14th–15th century (Hein 1999, 150).

Changed Date from 15th–16th century to late 14th–15th century.

Hein, Don. 2001. "The Sawankhalok Ceramic Industry: from Domestic Enterprise to Regional Entrepreneur". PhD Thesis, Department of Science and Technology, Deakin University, Melbourne.

Hein, Don. 1999. "The First Underglaze Painted Decoration at Sawankhalok: identification of a key influence? (Diqu shouci chuxian de youxia caihui: Taigou taoci tazhan shi shang wailai yingxiang de zhongyao xiansuo?)." Guoli Taiwan daxue Meishushi yanjiu jikan (The Taida Journal of Art History) 7: 137–158.

3. (Louise Cort, 21 May 2008) Based on her research on shipwrecks, Roxanna Brown dates densely decorated Sukhothai ware dishes of this type to shipwrecks of the sixteenth century, including the Singtai and the Xuande (both circa 1512–1540); (Brown 2004).

Changed Date from 14th–15th century to 16th century.

Brown, Roxanna Maude. 2004. "The Ming Gap and Shipwreck Ceramics in Southeast Asia". Ph.D. Dissertation, Department of Art History, University of California, Los Angeles.


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