Bowl

  • Stoneware with white slip and iron pigment under clear glaze
  • 7.2 x 14.9 x 12.3 cm
  • Sukhothai ware
  • 16th century, Ayutthaya period
  • Origin: Sukhothai kilns, Sukhothai, Sukhothai province, North-central Thailand
  • Gift of Osborne and Gratia Hauge, and Victor and Takako Hauge
  • S2005.300

Description

Bowl with one side warped, slightly everted rim and a carved footring; the rim has a repair, and a rim sherd from another vessel adheres on the exterior.
Clay: grey stoneware with white specks; coarse and grainy.
Glaze: pale green, glossy, transparent, with pinholes on the exterior; foot and base unglazed.
Decoration: painted in iron brown pigment over white slip with a cakra swirl encircled by a ring on the interior bottom, a band of calligraphic strokes with half of it obscured on the lower cavetto, a band of broad slanted lines divided by sgraffitto diagonal lines on the upper cavetto, two bands of calligraphic strokes on the exterior.

Curatorial Remarks

1. (Candy Chan, Research Assistant, May 19, 2003) Sukhothai underglaze iron bowls with cakra motifs were found in two mid-16th century shipwrecks, the Xuande cargo (+/-1540) and the Singtai shipwreck (+/-1550). Brown speculates fish and flower motifs appeared earlier than the cakra and starburst motifs on the Sukhothai underglazed wares (Brown and Sjostrand 2001, 68, color pls. 74, 78–79).

Brown, Roxanna M., and Sten Sjostrand. 2001. Maritime Archaeology and Shipwreck Ceramics in Malaysia. Kuala Lumpur: Department of Museums and Antiques.

2. (Louise Cort, 21 May 2008) Based on her research on shipwrecks, Roxanna Brown dates densely decorated Sukhothai ware bowls of this type to shipwrecks of the sixteenth century, including the Singtai and the Xuande (both circa 1512–1540) (Brown 2004).

Changed Date from 15th–16th century to 16th century.

Brown, Roxanna Maude. 2004. "The Ming Gap and Shipwreck Ceramics in Southeast Asia". Ph.D. Dissertation, Department of Art History, University of California, Los Angeles.

3. (Louise Cort, 29 May 2008) Don Hein, in Washington to present the Pope Memorial Lecture, observed that the pinholes in the glaze were caused by gas forming from the water in the clay body.


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