Bowl

  • Stoneware with white slip and iron pigment under clear glaze
  • 9.2 x 21.2 cm
  • Sukhothai ware
  • 16th century, Ayutthaya period
  • Origin: Sukhothai kilns, Sukhothai, Sukhothai province, North-central Thailand
  • Gift of Osborne and Gratia Hauge, and Victor and Takako Hauge
  • S2005.302

Description

Deep bowl of slightly warped shape with flared rim and carved footring. Two repairs on rim, five spur scars from kiln stacking disc on interior bottom.
Clay: medium grey stoneware with white impurities; coarse and grainy.
Glaze: clear, glossy, transparent; marred by pinholes and blisters from trapped air bubbles; foot and base unglazed.
Decoration: decorated in underglaze iron pigment over white slip; three bands of "starburst" or "pikun blossom" motifs bordered by horizontal lines on interior, two bands of the same design on exterior.

Curatorial Remarks

1. (Candy Chan, Research Assistant, May 19, 2003) Sukhothai underglaze iron bowls with starburst motifs were found in the Singtai shipwreck (+/-1550). Brown speculates that fish and flower motifs appeared earlier than the cakra and starburst motifs on the Sukhothai underglazed wares (Brown and Sjostrand 2001, 68, color pls. 78–79).

A bowl of this type with the starburst design is in the James and Elaine Connell collection at the Asian Art Museum of San Francisco (Asian Art Museum of San Francisco 1993, 144, pl. 120).

Brown, Roxanna M., and Sten Sjostrand. 2001. Maritime Archaeology and Shipwreck Ceramics in Malaysia. Kuala Lumpur: Department of Museums and Antiques.

Asian Art Museum of San Francisco, ed. 1993. Thai Ceramics: The James and Elaine Connell Collection. Kuala Lumpur: Oxford University Press.

2. (Louise Cort, 7 January 2007) A slightly smaller Sukhothai-ware bowl of this type (h. 7 cm, diam. 18 cm) was excavated from the Dai Lang cemetery site in Lam Dong province, central Vietnam, from grave G3NM 19 (Hoàng et al. 2000, 235). This was one of just two Sukhothai products, both bowls, excavated from the Dai Lang and Dai Lao sites; celadon-glazed wares from Si Satchanalai were more numerous (ibid., 129).

Bùi Chí Hoàng, Vũ Nhẩt Nguyễn, and Phạm Hữu Thọ. 2000. Những Sưu Tập Gốm Sứ Ở Lâm Đồng (The Collections of Ceramics in Lam Dong). Đà Lạt: Sở Văn Hhóa Thông Tin Lâm Đồng [Lam Dong Ministry of Culture and Information].  

3. (Louise Cort, 21 May 2008) Based on her research on shipwrecks, Roxanna Brown dates Sukhothai ware bowls of this type to shipwrecks of the sixteenth century, including the Singtai and the Xuande (both circa 1512–1540) (Brown 2004).

Changed Date from 15th–16th century to 16th century.

Brown, Roxanna Maude. 2004. "The Ming Gap and Shipwreck Ceramics in Southeast Asia". Ph.D. Dissertation, Department of Art History, University of California, Los Angeles.

4. (Louise Cort, 14 May 2009) A shallower bowl of related type, with two tiers of stamped motifs, was excavated from a grave in Lam Dong province in the Central Highlands of Vietnam. Bùi Chí Hoàng et al 2000, p. 235.

Bùi Chí Hoàng, Vu Nhat Nguyen, and Pham Huu Tho. 2000. Nhung Suu Tap Gom Su O Lâm Ðong (The Collections of Ceramics in Lam Dong). Ðà Lat: So Van Hhóa Thông Tin Lâm Ðong [Lam Dong Ministry of Culture and Information].


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