Bowl

  • Stoneware with white slip under greenish clear glaze
  • 6.9 x 20.5 cm
  • Sukhothai ware
  • 16th century, Ayutthaya period
  • Origin: Sukhothai kilns, Sukhothai, Sukhothai province, North-central Thailand
  • Gift of Osborne and Gratia Hauge, and Victor and Takako Hauge
  • S2005.305

Description

Bowl with splashes of dark green or pale blue glaze on interior; four scars from kiln spurred disc on interior bottom, a clay fragment attached to the lower well.
Clay: medium grey stoneware with white impurities.
Glaze: green, transparent, crazed and shiny; foot and base unglazed.
Decoration: none.

Curatorial Remarks

1. (Louise Cort, 29 January 2004) Potter Mark Hewitt, Pittsboro, North Carolina, pointed out that, although the five spur scars showed that another vessel was stacked on this dish, that other vessel must have been small in order for the glaze drips to accumulate around the edges of the bowl. This bowl was probably the top of a stack of bowls of similar size, with a smaller bowl or other vessel placed inside it.

2. (Louise Cort, 21 May 2008) Based on her research on shipwrecks, Roxanna Brown dates Sukhothai ware bowls of this type to shipwrecks of the sixteenth century, including the Singtai and the Xuande (both circa 1512–1540) (Brown 2004).

Changed Date from 14th–15th century to 16th century.

Brown, Roxanna Maude. 2004. "The Ming Gap and Shipwreck Ceramics in Southeast Asia". Ph.D. Dissertation, Department of Art History, University of California, Los Angeles.

3. (Louise Cort, 29 May 2008) Don Hein, in Washington to present the Pope Memorial Lecture, observed that this dish was in a kiln fired to a high temperature, and slag dripped off the chamber roof onto the vessel. This indicates the bowl was near the top of the stack, although not at the very top, as something else was placed on top of it using a five-pointed spur-disk. (One of the points did not attach.) The glaze is close to celadon, evidence of reduction rather than the oxidation typical of most Sukhothai firings. (A crossdraft kiln tends toward reduction.) The bowl is thinly, elegantly thrown.

Sukhothai potters used a heavy coating of white slip to conceal the dark body and to smooth the rough surface caused by the use of grog in the clay. The early Sukhothai spur-disk supports were handmade, and are identical to those of Sawankhalok, but later they were molded.


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