Jar with incised decoration

  • Unglazed stoneware
  • 28.1 x 23.4 cm
  • Maenam Noi ware
  • 16th-18th century, Ayutthaya period
  • Origin: Maenam Noi kilns, Singburi province, Central Thailand
  • Provenance: Ayutthaya or Bangkok, Thailand
  • Gift of Osborne and Gratia Hauge, and Victor and Takako Hauge
  • S2005.319


Jar with an ovoid body which tapers toward the foot, a trumpet-shaped mouth, and a short neck.
Clay: grey stoneware with sooty surface. Some kiln grits adhere on the body.
Glaze: none.
Decoration: single band of five-tooth coming below the neck.

Curatorial Remarks

1. (Louise Cort, 11 October 2005) Comments from Morimoto Asako, archaeologist specializing in Chinese and Vietnamese ceramics recovered from sites in Hakata (Fukuoka), Short-term Visitor to study Hauge collection:

This jar appears to her to be associated with Thailand, possibly Si Satchanalai. If Vietnamese, it was probably made in Central Vietnam.

2. (Louise Cort, 17 October 2005) Changed Origin from Thailand? to Thailand or Central Vietnam.

3. (Louise Cort, 18 October 2005) Archaeologist and ceramics specialist Morimoto Asako, Fukuoka, noted the band of straight combing around the necks of S2005.319 and 321 and tentatively grouped the two unglazed, flat-based vessels as coming from the same unidentified source. The jars also have similar squared rims. 

Both bears traces of black riverweed that, according to Dr. Sarah Bekker, indicates a recovery from the river at Ayutthaya, based on her observation of such marks on ceramics that she acquired from that source. It is unknown whether ceramics submerged in other rivers would acquire similar markings.

Following the possible association with Ayutthaya, is Maenam Noi a possible source of both bottles? If so, S2005.321 is made of stoneware clay fired (by accident or intentionally) only to earthenware temperature. Bottles of the same form as S2005.321, excavated from the Maenam Noi kilns are published in Sāyan 1988, 22, 47, 50; and Chārưk 1990, 40.

Sāyan Phraichānčhit (Sayan Phraichanchit). 1988. Rāi ngān kānsamrūat lae khutkhon Tao Mǣnam Nǭi: Tambon Chœng Klat, Amphœ Bang Račhan, Čhangwat Singburī (Report on the survey and excavation of the Maenam Noi kilns, Bang Rachan town, Sing Buri province). Bangkok: Krom Sinlapākǭn (Fine Arts Department).

Chārưk Wilaikǣo (Charuk Wilaykaen). 1990. Tao Mǣnam Nǭi 2 [Maenam Noi Kilns, part 2]. Bangkok: Krom Sinlapākǭn (Fine Arts Department).

4. (Louise Cort, 13 January 2005) Changed Origin from Thailand or Central Vietnam to Thailand. To Origin added Singburi province, possibly Maenam Noi kiln complex. To Period added Ayutthaya period. To Date added 16th–18th century. To Style added Possibly Maenam Noi ware.

5. (Louise Cort, 24 March 2007) Fragments of Maenam Noi ware jars with four lugs, basins, and small mortars, together with necks of underfired stoneware jars (identified as earthenware), were recovered from shallow water about 100 meters off the shore of Ojika island, at the northern end of the Goto island chain west of Kyushu. (The islands belong to Nagasaki prefecture.) The site, named Karamisaki, is a promontory protecting the harbor located just below the former castle site on the island. From 1152 through 1868, the island formed part of the domain of the Matsuura warrior house, based in Hirado. According to a map dated 1718 in the Matsuura History Museum in Hirado, Ojika island lay along the route of Chinese merchant ships bound for Nagasaki. Six Chinese-style stone anchors have been recovered on the island. The Maenam Noi jars correspond in mouth form to such jars recovered from other Japanese sites dating to the second half of the 16th century or early 17th century. Mixed with the Maenam Noi ceramics were Thai earthenware lids and portable stoves, a Chinese stoneware jar and Chinese blue-and-white porcelain (types dating to the second half of the 16th century), and 19th century Hizen porcelain from Hasami. The ceramics were recovered from a shallows made treacherous by swift tides and probably represent the remains of one or more shipwrecks.   

Hayashida Kenzo, and Tsukabara Hiroshi, eds. 2002. Yamamioki kaitei iseki (Yamamioki underwater site), Ojika-cho bunkazai chōsa hōkokusho 16. Fukuoka and Ojika-cho: Kyushu-Okinawa Suichū Kōkogaku Kyōkai [Kyushu-Okinawa Underwater Archaeology Association] and Ojika-cho Kyōiku Iinkai [Ojika Town Board of Education].

6. (Louise Cort, 4 February 2008) In the course of his analysis of black-glazed jars from the Sawankhalok and Maenam Noi kilns, Mukai also notes that the other types of Maenam Noi wares—black-glazed or unglazed bottles and bowls—first appear in early 16th century contexts.

Mukai Kou. 2003. "Tai kokkatsuyū shijiko no bunrui to nendai (The Study on Brown Glazed Storage Jars, exported from Thailand)." Bōeki Tōji Kenkyū (Trade Ceramics Studies) 23: 90–105 (Japanese), 161 (English summary).

field notes

Submit Comment 0 comments total

No field notes found.

main image

View larger image [1293KB] > >

sample thumbnailsample thumbnail