Jar with incised decoration

  • Earthenware (underfired stoneware)
  • 17.4 x 17.8 cm
  • Maenam Noi ware
  • 16th-18th century, Ayutthaya period
  • Origin: Maenam Noi kilns, Singburi province, Central Thailand
  • Provenance: Probably Ayutthaya, Thailand
  • Gift of Osborne and Gratia Hauge, and Victor and Takako Hauge
  • S2005.322

Description

Bottle of globular form with trumpet-liked neck, flanged mouth and flat base. The whole bottle is coated with root scars and the lower wall is scraped.
Clay: pink earthenware.
Glaze: none.
Decoration: a series of incised rings on the shoulder.

Curatorial Remarks

1. (Louise Cort, 24 January 2003). This vessel had been kept with a collection of earthenware cooking pots in Bud and Gratia's house.

2. (Louise Cort, 20 January 2006) The rolled rim and long neck, the band of combing around the neck, and the flat base all suggested that this is an (intentionally?) underfired product of the Maenam Noi kilns in Singburi province. If intentionally underfired, this (probably stoneware clay) bottle could have been used as "earthenware"; Leedom Lefferts and I have documented that practice at a present-day kiln in central Laos, where stoneware is the main product but the underfired vessels at the back of the kiln are used as "earthenware" containers for cooling drinking water by evaporation. Compare S2005.324.

Changed Date from 16th–18th century to 15th–17th century.

3. (Louise Cort, 4 September 2006) An unglazed jar of this form was recovered from the unexcavated shipwreck known as the Koh Kong wreck, off the southwest coast of Cambodia, of Koh Sdeck island, Kiri Sakor district, Koh Kong province. The wreck was identified in February 2006, and the recovery is being tracked by the National Museum. Images provided by Hab Touch, Deputy Director, show two black earthenware kendi of this shape; brown-glazed jars of three sizes, also brown-glazed bottle, kendi, and vat, and unglazed mortar, from the Tao Maenam Noi kilns, Singburi province, Thailand; celadon bowls and a gourd-shaped bottle from the Si Satchanalai kilns; unglazed earthenware pots with complex paddle-impressed textures; an earthenware stove; an earthenware vessel coated with white slip, with painted red rings; and a Zhangzhou-ware dish with cobalt kylin design. Cumulatively these wares suggest a date in the 16th century, and they also suggest that the ship must have loaded at Ayutthaya and was heading along the coast to the east. According to Darryl Collins, the wood recovered is charred, suggesting that the ship sank after a fire. 

4. (Louise Cort, 18 September 2006) The seaweed traces on this bottle indicate that it was recovered from an underwater site, probably from the river in the vicinity of Ayutthaya.

5. (Louise Cort, 24 March 2007) Fragments of Maenam Noi ware jars with four lugs, basins, and small mortars, together with necks of underfired stoneware jars (identified as earthenware), were recovered from shallow water about 100 meters off the shore of Ojika island, at the northern end of the Goto island chain west of Kyushu. (The islands belong to Nagasaki prefecture.) The site, named Karamisaki, is a promontory protecting the harbor located just below the former castle site on the island. From 1152 through 1868, the island formed part of the domain of the Matsuura warrior house, based in Hirado. According to a map dated 1718 in the Matsuura History Museum in Hirado, Ojika island lay along the route of Chinese merchant ships bound for Nagasaki. Six Chinese-style stone anchors have been recovered on the island. The Maenam Noi jars correspond in mouth form to such jars recovered from other Japanese sites dating to the second half of the 16th century or early 17th century. Mixed with the Maenam Noi ceramics were Thai earthenware lids and portable stoves, a Chinese stoneware jar and Chinese blue-and-white porcelain (types dating to the second half of the 16th century), and 19th century Hizen porcelain from Hasami. The ceramics were recovered from a shallows made treacherous by swift tides and probably represent the remains of one or more shipwrecks.   

Hayashida Kenzo, and Tsukabara Hiroshi, eds. 2002. Yamamioki kaitei iseki (Yamamioki underwater site), Ojika-cho bunkazai chōsa hōkokusho 16. Fukuoka and Ojika-cho: Kyushu-Okinawa Suichū Kōkogaku Kyōkai [Kyushu-Okinawa Underwater Archaeology Association] and Ojika-cho Kyōiku Iinkai [Ojika Town Board of Education].

6. (Louise Cort, 4 February 2008) In the course of his analysis of black-glazed jars from the Sawankhalok and Maenam Noi kilns, Mukai also notes that the other types of Maenam Noi wares—black-glazed or unglazed bottles and bowls—first appear in early 16th century contexts.

Changed Date from 15th–17th century to 16th–18th century.

Mukai Kou. 2003. "Tai kokkatsuyū shijiko no bunrui to nendai (The Study on Brown Glazed Storage Jars, exported from Thailand)." Bōeki Tōji Kenkyū (Trade Ceramics Studies) 23: 90–105 (Japanese), 161 (English summary).


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