• Stoneware with iron glaze and wood-ash deposit
  • 21.9 x 12.9 cm
  • Cizao ware
  • 13th-14th century, Southern Song or Yuan dynasty
  • Origin: Cizao kilns, Fujian province, China
  • Provenance: Thailand
  • Gift of Osborne and Gratia Hauge, and Victor and Takako Hauge
  • S2005.33


Bottle of bullet form with constricted neck, flanged mouth and flat base.

Curatorial Remarks

1. (Candy Chan, Research Assistant, April 14, 2003) Bottles of this type were excavated in Cizao kiln in Jinjiang, Fujian province, South China. Products made in Jinjiang such as textile, pottery, tea and metalworks were exported from Quanzhou to Southeast Asian countries as early as Tang dynasty (618–960) and flourished in the Song and Yuan periods (Wang 2000, 78–81, pl. 6).

Wang Sichun. 2000. "Jinjiang gudai taoci ye yu haiwai jiaotong [The relationship between the Jinjiang ceramic industry and overseas exchange]." Fujian Wenbo 1: 78–81.

2. (Louise Cort, 25 August 2004)  In February this year I saw several bottles of this form in the storage of the National Museum of Cambodia, Phnom Penh, indicating that some bottles of this type were distributed historically within Cambodia.

3. (Louise Cort, 14 October 2005) Archaeologist and ceramics specialist Morimoto Asako observed that these bottles (S2005.30–35) are made in two pieces—the base and the shoulder, neck, and rim—joined at mid-body. She proposes that they were made at the Cizao kilns in Fujian province. Sherds from the kiln dated to the first half of the 12th century bear olive glaze; thereafter the glaze is brown. Scars of stacking spurs appear on the shoulders.

These bottles are related in shape and rim form to the distinctive bottles made at the San Kamphaeng kilns in Thailand; probably both served the same function.

4. (Louise Cort, 23 May 2007) The Museum of Vietnamese History, Ho Chi Minh City, has bottles of this type (BTLS16153, etc) excavated from the Hung Loi kiln site in District 8, Ho Chi Minh City, a kiln operated by immigrants from Guangdong. Similar bottles were also found at Ben Nghe port in Ho Chi Minh City in 1990.

Nguyễn Thị Hậu, Trần Sung, and Lai Ngọc Huy. 1999. Báo cáo khai quật di tích Lò Gốm Hưng Lợi—p.16, Quam 8, TPHCM [General Report on Kiln sites of Hung Loi Ceramics—Quarter 16, District 8, Ho Chi Minh City] Ho Chi Minh City: Sở Văn Hóa Thông Tin T.P. HCM [Ministry of Culture and Information Office, Ho Chi Minh City] and Bảo tàng Lịch sử Việt Nam, T.P.HCM [Vietnam History Museum, Ho Chi Minh City].

5. (Louise Cort, 27 August 2007) The accession numbers for two bottles of this type in the National Museum of Cambodia, Phnom Penh, are kha 1738 and kha 1432/H.90.

6. (Louise Cort, 1 September 2007) Two bottles of this type are in the collection formed by the abbot of Wat Bo, a monastery in Siem Reap.

7. (Louise Cort, 3 November 2011) According to Pariwat Thammapreechakorn, bottles of this type were made at the Yixing kilns in the Yuan dynasty.

8. (Louise Cort, 10 July 2012) Li Jian'an published an unglazed stoneware bottle of this type as found in the Jinjiang Yishan kilns, within the Cizao kiln complex (Li 2005, 42, fig. 12).

Li Jian'an. 2005. "Some questions on the Research of the Export Ceramics in Song and Yuan Periods in Fujian Area" (in Chinese). In Cheng, Pei-Kai, ed., Proceedings of the International Conference: Chinese Export Ceramics and Maritime Trade, 12th-15th Centuries. Hong Kong: City University of Hong Kong.

9. (Louise Cort, 3 December 2013) At the Jinjiang Museum in Jinjiang, Fujian, in October last year, a bottle of this shape was on view. Li Jian'an, who accompanied me and Li Baoping, said that, while such bottles are excavated in Jinjiang, they were not made there (at the Cizao kilns) but possibly were products of kilns in Yixing, Jiangsu province. The date is late Southern Song or Yuan.

Changed Date from 12th-14th century to 13th-14th century.

10. (Louise Cort, 22 Dec 2014) According to archaeologists Kikuchi Seiichi and Abe Yuriko, vessels of this type have been found in Japan on the islands of Iki and Tsushima and on Okinawa.

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