Pot with stamped decoration

  • Earthenware
  • 29 x 42.7 cm
  • 17th-19th century, Ayutthaya period or Bangkok period
  • Origin: Ban Krea Na, Pathum Thani province, Chao Phraya River network, Central Thailand
  • Gift of Osborne and Gratia Hauge, and Victor and Takako Hauge
  • S2005.349


Pot of compressed globular form with round bottom, short neck and flared mouth with circular grooves inside.
Clay: red,high fired earthenware.
Glaze: none.
Decoration: dense rows of various stamped designs and hanging tails between neck and upper body.

Published References

1. Spinks, Charles N. 1976. “The Ayuddhaya Period Earthenwares, some Contemporary Thai Kilns, their Wares and Potting methods.” The Journal of the Siam Society 64 (2): 188–189, pl. 9.

Curatorial Remarks

1. (Louise Cort, 22 January 2003) According to Victor Hauge when we collected this jar from the Hauge home on 17 July 2002, he bought this jar in Bangkok from a dealer who said it had come from Kanchanaburi Province.

2. (Candy Chan, Research Assistant, 13 March 2003) Spinks refers to this type of earthenware pot as ‘moh khao’ (rice-cooking pot) and states that it was made in or around the former Thai capital at Ayutthaya during the Ayutthaya period (Spinks 1976, 188–189, pl. 2).

Spinks, Charles N. 1976. "The Ayuddhaya Period Earthenwares, some Contemporary Thai Kilns, their Wares and Potting methods." The Journal of the Siam Society 64(2): 188–201.

3. (Louise Cort, 21 August 2003) The elaborate stamped decoration on this vessel relates it to the earthenware produced by ethnic Mon potter communities formerly living along the Chao Phraya River between Ayutthaya and Bangkok. The only surviving community today is that of Ko Kret.

4. (Louise Cort, 23 March 2007) In his thesis on the Mon population along the Chao Phraya, Brian Foster noted that there were Mon communities all along the Mae Klong River in the provinces of Kanchanaburi and Ratchaburi—just downriver from a major route of entry from Mon country in Burma (Foster 1972, 12). This confirms the probability that this pot was made by a Mon potter living in Kanchanaburi province, which was mentioned to Victor Hauge as the source of this jar.

Foster, Brian Lee. 1972. "Ethnicity and Economy: The Case of the Mons in Thailand". Ph.D. Dissertation, Dept. of Anthropology, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor.

5. (Louise Cort, 17 April 2008) All of the earthenware jars in the Hauge collection with small-scale and precise stamped decoration made with repeat impressions of individual stamps bear a visual and technical relationship to metal vessels of the region. One example of a Southeast Asian (possibly Thai) bronze vessel survives in Japan, where it has been used as a water jar for the tea ceremony. It is in the Nomura Art Museum collection in Kyoto (Hayashiya 1985, no. 216).

The vessel was raised (hammer marks are still visible) and then ornamented with strikes of various metal stamps. The body shape is a compressed sphere, with a wide neck that tapers toward a mouth with horizontal everted rim. (The shape is similar to S2005.353–366.) The vessel rests on three short feet. Large pendant motifs of two alternating leaf-like designs are spaced around the upper half of the body, below a narrow band of heart-shaped motifs on the shoulder. Two smaller motifs alternate around the neck. The flat rim also bears a band of ornamentation. The elaborate lid has radiating raised lotus-petals around a central calyx-shaped knob.

The vessel is dated 16th century, although the description mentions that it has been passed down as a Higashiyama gyobutsu—a possession of the military ruler Ashikaga Yoshimasa (1435–1490). It is said to have belonged later to the tea masters Sen no Rikyu (1522–1591) and Yabunouchi Kenshin (1536–1627) and subsequently to the Kyoto temple Nishi Honganji.  

Hayashiya Seizo, ed. 1985. Cha no dogu (3)—kame, kogo, mizusashi [Tea utensils (3)—kettles, incense containers, and water jars]. Vol. 12, Chado Shukin. Tokyo: Shogakukan.

6. (Louise Cort, 22 May 2008) This pot is given a tentative date of 17th–19th century based on the analysis presented in "Earthenware from the Chao Phraya River network," within the Place section of the online catalogue, Ceramics in Mainland Southeast Asia. It is classified as Group 2, Type B.


7. (Louise Cort, 18 February 2009) In a meeting at the Sukhothai Thammathirat Open University, Pakkret, Nonthaburi, where he is collaborating in a study of pottery production in Nonthaburi province, Mon ceramic specialist Pisarn Boonpoog said that this is a Mon pot of the type called nerng (Mon) or maw nam (Thai). This style of pot was made in one Mon village in Pathum Thani province called Ban Krea Na. One person (gender not elicited) there can still make such pots but is no longer active; the person used a wheel to make the preform for such pots and has a collection of stamps (the Mon term is berm) used for the decoration. This pot would have come with an earthenware lid and a support (like the stand that forms part of S1994.16).

Mr. Pisarn guided us to the site of the pottery-making village Sam Kok, in Pathum Thani province along the Chao Phraya river not far from the provincial capital. Several water pots of this type were part of the collection of the temple Wat Singha, across the road from the site of the Sam Kok kilns. The well-known water pots from Ban Krea Na were widely known as "Krea Na pots" (maw Krea Na). Ban Krea Na lies between Sam Kok and the city; it survives only as the name of a modern street. According to Mr. Pisarn, Sam Kok was the earlier site. Pottery production began in Ban Krea Na in the nineenth century, during the reign of Rama II (1809-1824), when a new group of Mon potters was brought to the area from Burma.

While it is not impossible that this pot was acquired from Kanchanaburi province (and presumably made there), as Victor Hauge was told by the Bangkok dealer who sold it to him (see note 1), it seems more likely that it was a relatively local product of Ban Krea Na. Changed Origin from Kanchanaburi province to Ban Krea Na, Chao Phraya River Network, Pathum Thani province, Central Thailand.

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