Jar with four horizontal lugs

  • Stoneware with iron glaze
  • 18.4 x 16 cm
  • Quanzhou ware
  • 12th-14th century, Southern Song or Yuan dynasty
  • Origin: Quanzhou kilns, Quanzhou, Fujian province, China
  • Gift of Osborne and Gratia Hauge, and Victor and Takako Hauge
  • S2005.39


Jar of ovoid form with thick rolled lip, concave base, and four horizontal lugs on shoulder.
Clay: pinkish-buff stoneware.
Glaze: ochre brown, low gloss, opaque; falls short of the lower body; base unglazed.
Decoration: none.

Curatorial Remarks

1. (Candy Chan, Research Assistant, April 21, 2003) Two storage jars of this type were found at Juara, on the eastern side of the island of Tioman, off the east coast of Peninsular Malaysia, and now are in the collection of the Muzium Sultan Abu Bakar, Pekan. Kwan says that they were made in the Quanzhou kiln complex in Fujian province, South China, during the 12th–14th century (Kwan and Martin 1985, 69–82, 139; pls. 357–358).

A jar of this type is in the collection of Mr. M. L. Abbot. It was made in South China and is dated to the Southern Song dynasty, 12th–13th century (Guy 1980, 35, pl. 5).

A similar ochre-glazed jar was unearthed from grave No. 35 at Santa Ana (a site of 11th–14th centuries) in Manila, Philippines (Locsin and Locsin 1976, 58, 62, pl. 42).

Moore identifies a jar of this type as Guangdong ware dating to the 12th–13th centuries (Moore 1970, 31, 33, fig. 12a).

Kwan, K. K., and J. Martin. 1985. "Introduction to the finds from Pulau Tioman". Pp. 69–82 in A Ceramic Legacy of Asia's Maritime Trade. Kuala Lumpur: Southeast Asian Ceramic Society.

Guy, John. 1980. Oriental Trade Ceramics in Southeast Asia 10th to 16th Century. Melbourne: National Gallery of Victoria.  

Locsin, Leandro, and Cecilia Locsin. 1967. Oriental Ceramics discovered in the Philippines. Rutland, VT and Tokyo: Charles E. Tuttle Co.  

Moore, Eine. 1970. "A Suggested Classification of Stonewares of Martabani Type." The Sarawak Museum Journal XVIII(36–37): 1–78, pls. 1–21.

2. (Louise Cort, 12 September 2003) A jar of related form, lug shape, and amber glaze was found on the shipwreck "Diana" (sank 1817) in the Straits of Melaka, holding small Chinese blue-and-white bowls and unglazed jarlets (Brown 2001, fig. 53). Unless the jar was an antique, this provenance gives a considerably later date for this type of jar.

Brown, Roxanna M., and Sten Sjostrand. 2001. Maritime Archaeology and Shipwreck Ceramics in Malaysia. Kuala Lumpur: Department of Museums and Antiques.  

3. (Louise Cort, 19 October 2006) A jar of similar form, with four horizontal lugs above the shoulder, is displayed at the Musée Guimet, Paris, among ceramics recovered from the shipwreck "Breaker," found off the coast of Palawan in the Philippines, and dates to the late 11th or early 12th century. On that jar, the differentiation between the shoulder and the neck is more angular, suggesting a somewhat earlier date than that of this jar. Vertical lugs, on the other hand, appear on a jar of similar size found on another shipwreck found off Palawan, "Royal Captain," dated to the late Ming (16th–early 17th century), but horizontal lugs appear on the conical neck of a jar from the shipwreck "San Diego" (Manila Bay, 1600).

4. (Louise Cort, 2 April 2007) An "ochre-glazed jar" of this type in the Locsin collection, Manila (h. 18.5 cm), was recovered from Grave 35 in the Santa Ana site. It is described as having a relatively small, nearly flat base slightly depressed in the center and with the ochre glaze applied over a reddish slip (Locsin and Locsin 1967, 62, pl. 42). Five squat jars with related traits were recovered from other graves (ibid., 61, pl. 41).

5. (Louise Cort, 3 November 2011) According to Pariwat Thammapreechakorn, this small jar is a product of the Qishi kilns in Dongguan city, Guangdong province, and dates to the Yuan dynasty.

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