Ceramics in Mainland Southeast Asia:
Collections in the Freer Gallery of Art and Arthur M. Sackler Gallery

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Pot with overall paddle-impressed texture

  • Earthenware
  • 14.1 x 18.3 cm
  • 16th-17th century, Ayutthaya period
  • Origin: Chao Phraya River network, Central Thailand
  • Gift of Osborne and Gratia Hauge, and Victor and Takako Hauge
  • S2005.390


Pot of compressed globular form with round bottom, tall cylindrical neck and grooved inside rim.
Clay: pinkish orange earthenware.
Glaze: none.
Decoration: an incised ring above band of vertically-oriented paddle-impressed decoration around shoulder; diagonally oriented paddle-impressed texture on body and base.

Curatorial Remarks

1. (Louise Cort, 23 January 2003) The elaborate paddle-applied patterning on the body of this vessel suggests possible production in Ayutthaya or in a Khmer site (compare the paddle-stamped pots made today in Khmer communities in southern Vietnam).
What is the black accretion?

2. (Candy Chan, Research Assistant, May 21, 2003) Similar pots of this type with long neck were recovered from a mid-16th century shipwreck, Ko Si Chang Three. This is the third wrecksite discovered near Ko Si Chang in the Gulf of Thailand. It carried material from Thailand, Vietnam and China. Stoneware storage jars were the main finds in this site. Green and Harper refer to earthenware pots with pressed (paddled) decoration as rice pots and classify the finds in the Ko Si Chang Three into four groups: i) Large with long flared neck; ii) Medium and small-sized globular-shaped; iii) Medium and small-sized, square at shoulder; iv) Wide-mouthed. They were found on all shipwrecks along the Gulf of Thailand, possibly used by the crew for cooking. Pots of this type should belong to the group ii (Green et al1987, 56–61). 

Pots of this type with long neck and paddling on body were identified as either Thai or Burmese ceramics, dated to 15th–16th century (Nezu Bijitsukan 1993, 73, pl. 117).

Green, Jeremy, Rosemary Harper, and Vidya Intakosi. 1987. The Ko Si Chang Three Shipwreck Excavation 1986. Australian Institute for Maritime Archaeology Special Publication No. 4. Fremantle: Australian Institute for Maritime Archaeology.

Nezu Bijutsukan (Nezu Institute of Fine Arts), ed. 1993. Nanban, shimamono; Nankai hakurai no chato (Nanban and Shimamono: Exported Southeast-Asian Ceramics for Japan—16th–17th century). Tokyo: Nezu Bijutsukan.

3. (Louise Cort, 7 April 2014) Viewing storage on 24 October 2011, Pariwat Thammapreechakorn noted that the soot on this pot appears very new.

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