Ceramics in Mainland Southeast Asia:
Collections in the Freer Gallery of Art and Arthur M. Sackler Gallery

Print | Back to Normal Layout

Pot with overall paddle-impressed texture

  • Earthenware
  • 13.3 x 14.4 cm
  • 15th-16th century, Ayutthaya period
  • Origin: Chao Phraya River network, Central Thailand
  • Gift of Osborne and Gratia Hauge, and Victor and Takako Hauge
  • S2005.402a


Pot of compressed globular form with round bottom, short neck and wide flaring mouth.
Clay: red earthenware with black patches caused by direct heating from fire.
Glaze: none.
Decoration: three different paddle-impressed textures—narrow band around the nexk, diagonal stripes on shoulder, simple hatching on lower body and base.

Curatorial Remarks

1. (Louise Cort, 24 January 2003). This vessel had been kept with a collection of earthenware cooking pots in Bud and Gratia's house.

2. (Louise Cort, 21 August 2003) The Hauges acquired most of their earthenware vessels in Ayutthaya and were under the impression that they dated to the Ayutthaya period and had been pulled out of the river. In fact, however, earthenware cooking pots are still made in the vicinity of Ayutthaya, as in many other communities, and it is very difficult to date such surviving wares.

In 1922 W. R. Graham wrote: "In the museum at Ayuthia where, under the fostering care of H. E. Phraya Boran Rajdhanindr, one of the most learned archaeologists of Siam, a very valuable collection of old pottery has been got together, there are many specimens of common earthenware of variable quality and design, that have been found amongst the ruins of that city and in the neighborhood, and that are all at least 150 years old. Some are very rough in texture and workmanship, and others are of fine clay, carefully executed and of graceful design. None of the articles are quite similar to the earthenware pots of today through the differences are in many instances small." (Graham 1922, 20)

Graham, W. A. 1922. "Pottery in Siam." The Journal of the Siam Society, 16(1): 1–27. Reprinted in Rooney, Dawn F. ed. 1986. Pp. 11–37 in Thai Pottery and Ceramics: collected articles from the Journal of the Siam Society, 1922–1980: Bangkok: The Siam Society. .

3. (Louise Cort, 16 February 2006) The paddle-impressed texture on the base of this pot brings to mind the bases of some of the cups the Hauges acquired in Saigon as "Oc Eo" (S2004.118–120, 122–123). Perhaps those cups were made by the same Khmer ethnic potters who made cooking pots of this type. (See two similar pots, S2005.190a-b and S2005.191a-b acquired in Saigon. This pot, seemingly acquired in Bangkok, may have come from Cambodia.)

field notes

Submit Comment 0 comments total

No field notes found.