• Unglazed earthenware
  • 4.1 x 9.7 cm
  • 16th-18th century, Ayutthaya period
  • Origin: Chao Phraya River network, Central Thailand
  • Gift of Osborne and Gratia Hauge, and Victor and Takako Hauge
  • S2005.402b


Conical lid with a knob.
Unglazed red earthenware

Curatorial Remarks

1. (Louise Cort, 24 January 2003). This vessel had been kept with a collection of earthenware cooking pots in Bud and Gratia's house.

2. (Louise Cort, 21 August 2003) The Hauges acquired most of their earthenware vessels in Ayutthaya and were under the impression that they dated to the Ayutthaya period and had been pulled out of the river. In fact, however, earthenware cooking pots are still made in the vicinity of Ayutthaya, as in many other communities, and it is very difficult to date such surviving wares.

In 1922 W. R. Graham wrote: "In the museum at Ayuthia where, under the fostering care of H. E. Phraya Boran Rajdhanindr, one of the most learned archaeologists of Siam, a very valuable collection of old pottery has been got together, there are many specimens of common earthenware of variable quality and design, that have been found amongst the ruins of that city and in the neighborhood, and that are all at least 150 years old. Some are very rough in texture and workmanship, and others are of fine clay, carefully executed and of graceful design. None of the articles are quite similar to the earthenware pots of today through the differences are in many instances small." (Graham 1922, 20)

Graham, W. A. 1922. "Pottery in Siam." The Journal of the Siam Society, 16(1): 1–27. Reprinted in Rooney, Dawn F. ed. 1986. Pp. 11–37 in Thai Pottery and Ceramics: collected articles from the Journal of the Siam Society, 1922–1980: Bangkok: The Siam Society. .

3. (Louise Cort, 16 February 2006) The paddle-impressed texture on the base of this pot brings to mind the bases of some of the cups the Hauges acquired in Saigon as "Oc Eo" (S2004.118–120, 122–123). Perhaps those cups were made by the same Khmer ethnic potters who made cooking pots of this type. (See two similar pots, S2005.190a-b and S2005.191a-b acquired in Saigon. This pot, seemingly acquired in Bangkok, may have come from Cambodia.)

4. (Louise Cort, 29 May 2008) Don Hein, in Washington to present the Pope Memorial Lecture, said that very few lids of this type were found at Si Satchanalai. Their source was mainly Ayutthaya, where they must have been associated with production of earthenware thrown on a fast wheel and fired in an updraft kiln. (They show no signs of smoke clouds from bonfire firing.)

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