Ceramics in Mainland Southeast Asia:
Collections in the Freer Gallery of Art and Arthur M. Sackler Gallery

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Pot with overall paddle-impressed texture

  • Earthenware
  • 22.9 x 28.5 cm
  • 16th-17th century, Ayutthaya period
  • Origin: Chao Phraya River network, Central Thailand
  • Gift of Osborne and Gratia Hauge, and Victor and Takako Hauge
  • S2005.403


Pot of compressed globular form with round bottom blackened from cooking, broad cylindrical neck and rolled lip.
Clay: salmon-pink earthenware.
Glaze: none.
Decoration: three different paddle-impressed textures—a row of panels filled with diagonal lines on the shoulder, diamond-shaped pattern on the body; four circular bands of linear pattern on the bottom.

Curatorial Remarks

1. (Candy Chan, May 23, 2003) Shards with the same pressed decoration were excavated from the Ban Tao Hai kilns, in Phitsanulok, Thailand (Hein and Sangkhanukit 1985, 82, photo 15 [A890]).

Spinks points out that earthenware pots of this type were made at kilns along the Maenam Chao Phraya river in Ayutthaya during the Ayutthaya period (AD 1350–1763). Yet, no exact kilnsite has been reported (Spinks 1976 188–189, pl. 4).

Hein, Don, and Prachote Sangkhanukit. 1985. Report on the Excavation of the Ban Tao Hai kilns, Phitsanulok, Thailand. Research Centre for Southeast Asian Ceramics Papers 1. Adelaide: University of Adelaide.

Spinks, Charles N. 1976. "The Ayuddhaya Period Earthenwares, some Contemporary Thai Kilns, their Wares and Potting methods." The Journal of the Siam Society 64(2): 188–201.

2. (Louise Cort, 21 August 2003) The Hauges acquired most of their earthenware vessels in Ayutthaya and were under the impression that they dated to the Ayutthaya period and had been pulled out of the river. In fact, however, earthenware cooking pots are still made in the vicinity of Ayutthaya, as in many other communities, and it is very difficult to date such surviving wares.

In 1922 W. R. Graham wrote: "In the museum at Ayuthia where, under the fostering care of H. E. Phraya Boran Rajdhanindr, one of the most learned archaeologists of Siam, a very valuable collection of old pottery has been got together, there are many specimens of common earthenware of variable quality and design, that have been found amongst the ruins of that city and in the neighborhood, and that are all at least 150 years old. Some are very rough in texture and workmanship, and others are of fine clay, carefully executed and of graceful design. None of the articles are quite similar to the earthenware pots of today through the differences are in many instances small." (Graham 1922, 20).

Graham, W. A. 1922. "Pottery in Siam." The Journal of the Siam Society, 16(1): 1–27. Reprinted in Rooney, Dawn F. ed. 1986. Pp. 11–37 in Thai Pottery and Ceramics: collected articles from the Journal of the Siam Society, 1922–1980: Bangkok: The Siam Society.

3. (Louise Cort, 14 November 2011) Hobson published an unglazed earthenware pot of this shape, with similar combination of short, banded pattern radiating around the neck and rhomboid pattern on the body, as "Chou [Zhou] pottery" (Hobson 1915, vol. 1, fig. 2). The vessel was in the Eumorfopolous collection.

Hobson, R. L. 1915. Chinese Pottery and Porcelain. New York: Funk and Wagnalls.

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