Miniature stove

  • Earthenware
  • 7.5 x 20.3 x 13.7 cm
  • 16th-18th century, Ayutthaya period
  • Origin: Chao Phraya River network, Central Thailand
  • Gift of Osborne and Gratia Hauge, and Victor and Takako Hauge
  • S2005.414


Stove with flat fire hearth, a raised section at one end with three protuberances for holding pot, two groups of holes (each has five holes) in raised wall, and a oval-shaped footrim.
Clay: orange earthenware.
Glaze: none.
Decoration: none.

Curatorial Remarks

1. (Louise Cort, 30 July 2002) A toy?

2. (Louise Cort, 30 January 2008) In contrast to this type of stove, stoves recovered from excavations at the site of the royal palace in Angkor Thom are round, with low rims, like a heavy flat basin with a wide flat base, and bear three prong-shaped supports equally spaced around the inside of the rim for the cooking pot (Franiatte 2000, 96, 112[fig. 31]). Stoves of that type are also represented in the relief scene on the Bayon of the "Chinese merchant's house."

Franiatte, Marc. 2000. "Nouvelles analyses de la céramique khmère du Palais royal d'Angkor Thom: Etude préliminaire." Udaya (Journal of Khmer Studies) 1: 91–124.

3. (Louise Cort, 31 January 2008) Tanaka Kazuhiko points our that the prototype for this type of portable stove, as found in the Philippines and elsewhere in Southeast Asia, appears to be Chinese; a stove of this type was excavated from the third layer of the Neolithic site of Hemudu, Zhejiang province, famed for the evidence of rice cultivation (Tanaka 2007, 155).

Stoves of this type have been excavated from Japan, at the Osaka Castle site level associated with a date of 1594 found on a wooden marker, and in the Sakai moated city site in the level destroyed by the conflagration of 1615 (Morimura 1991, 157, fig. 13).

Tanaka Kazuhiko 2007. "Fuiripin shutsudo no tosei konro, sutoobu ni tsuite [Concerning earthenware braziers and stoves excavated in the Philippines]". Pp. 153–171 in Chiiku no taiyōsei to kōkogaku—Tōnan Ajia to sono shūhen (Archaeological studies on the cultural diversity in Southeast Asia and its Neighbors), edited by Aoyagi Yoji sensei taishoku kinen ronbunshu henshu iinkai [Editorial committee for the festschrift for Aoyagi Yoji's retirement]. Tokyo: Yuzankaku.

Morimura Kenichi. 1991. "Kinai to sono shūhen shutsudo no Tōnan Ajia tōjiki—shinseiken seiritsu wo keiki to suru shin nyūnyū tōjiki no saiyō (Ceramics of South East Asia found in Kinai Area and Its Vicinity: Adoption of Trade Ceramics when New Governments were Established)." Bōeki Tōji Kenkyū [Trade Ceramics Studies] 11: 131–169 (Japanese), 131 (English summary).

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