• Unglazed stoneware
  • 47 x 49.5 cm
  • Cizao-related ware
  • 16th-19th century, Ming or Qing dynasty
  • Origin: Fujian province, China
  • Provenance: Saigon or Bangkok, Vietnam or Thailand
  • Gift of Osborne and Gratia Hauge, and Victor and Takako Hauge
  • S2005.54

Published References

1. Dupoizat, Marie-France. 1988. “Recherches sur les Jarres en Asie du Sud-Est.” Ph.D. Thesis, L'École des Hautes Études en Sciences Sociales, Paris: 425.

Curatorial Remarks

1. (Louise Cort, 28 January 2005) Marie-France Dupoizat (Dupoizat 1988, 425-26) groups this jar (her H5) among Indochinese jars of unknown origin. "They come without possible doubt from kilns in Indochina in the large sense, probably from kilns of the earliest Indianised states. Their style suggests a very early date of fabrication." (Dupoizat 1988, 420). She weighed this jar at 9 kg. She noted that the base is slightly concave.

She did not document a place of purchase, and the Hauges did not mention one to me, but Saigon seems likely.

Dupoizat, Marie-France. 1988. "Recherches sur les Jarres en Asie du Sud-Est". Ph.D. Thesis, L'École des Hautes Études en Sciences Sociales, Paris.

2. (Louise Cort, 1 April 2005) The concave base suggests a connection to a southern Chinese tradition, and the jar was made either there (probably Guangdong) or by Chinese potters working overseas, perhaps in Ratchburi, Thailand. Other potters descended from Guangdong immigrants work in southern Vietnam, at workshops in Bien Hoa/Song Be, near Saigon.

3. (Louise Cort, 14 October 2005) Archaeologist and ceramic specialist Morimoto Asako, Fukuoka, believes this jar may have been made in the Cizao kiln complex, Fujian province. Kilns there use wads of clay on the shoulders of vessels to stack the kiln. She noted that the inside of this jar is wiped with iron wash.

In the provincial museum in Nam Dinh (location of the capital of the Tran dynasty), in northern Vietnam, she remembers seeing a similar jar that was slightly thinner, had been smoothed with an unpatterned paddle, and bore a pale green glaze. Two examples of that type of jar are in the Fujiwara collection, Kyoto, and one is published in John Stephenson and John Guy, Vietnamese Ceramics, A Separate Tradition (1999), no. 33. The date is given there as 8th-10th century, but it is later.

4. (Louise Cort, 18 October 2006) Ms. Morimoto observed a resemblance between S2005.62 and S2005.54. The former jar bears anvil-impressed patterns of concentric circles on the interior overlaid with paddle-impressed parallel lines. The latter jar also bears paddle-impressed concentric circles. No paddle-impressed concentric circles are found on wares of related jars excavated from Hakata sites; the upper limit for Hakata is 1500, so these jars must be later in date. In the present day, however, jars of this type from the Cizao kilns bear only concentric circles. Could these two jars be almost the same age? S2005.53 (bearing runny brown slip) is also part of the same family.

In her final assessment of vessels in the Hauge collection, Ms. Morimoto grouped S2005.53 and S2005.52 as Cizao-related wares, with S2005.62 and S2005.54 more tentatively related.

5. (Louise Cort, 9 January 2006) Changed Origin from China, Vietnam, or Thailand to China. Changed Guangdong to Fujian province. Deleted Bien Hoa/Song Be, or Ratchburi.

6. (Louise Cort, 16 February 2006) Jars of related form, with rolled rims, rounded shoulders, and slightly tapered bodies, made of coarse brown stoneware with brown glaze, were recovered from the wreck "Desaru," a Chinese ship that sank in the 1840s with a cargo of Chinese ceramics (www.maritimeasia.ws/desaru). The wreck was found near the town of Desaru, in the southeast of Johor in peninsular Malaysia. The jars bore cross-hatching of paddle marks on their shoulder and upper body. The three sizes were 15-17 cm high, 18-20 cm high, and 49-51 cm high. They were described as stored below deck, containing smaller pots of various types; the smallest sizes filled the spaces between larger jars. The jars were simply described as "from southern China"; the other ceramics included wares from Jingdezhen, Yixing, Dehua, Suzhou, and porcelain kilns in Guangdong.

7. (Louise Cort, 13 March 2007) During a research trip in Mondolkiri province, Cambodia, in January, Leedom Lefferts documented a jar of this type in a household of the Pnong ethnic group (corresponding to the Mnong in the Central Highlands of Vietnam). The same household also owned two black-glazed cylindrical storage jars of Angkorian type and several amber-glazed jars from southern China or southern Vietnam.

8. (Louise Cort, 22 March 2007) A brown-glazed jar of related form and paddle-impressed texture (h. 41 cm) was recovered from the Tek Sing wreck. The jar is described as bearing a dark glaze that stops well short of the unglazed base. The Tek Sing was a Chinese junk that sailed from Amoy in 1822 with a cargo of ceramics, tea, silk, and medicine (Nagel Auctions 2000, no. TS 348).

Nagel Auctions. 2000. Tek Sing Treasures. Stuttgart: Nagel Auctions.

9. (Louise Cort, 4 April 2015) Leedom Lefferts recorded a jar of this type (with a narrower mouth and a brown surface coloration, but with the same flattened rim, diagonal paddle impressions, and horizontal marks defining the shoulder) in a household of Phnong ethnicity in Mondolkiri province, northeastern Cambodia, on 7 January 2007. He was told by the householders that the jar was a type known as nyang kolot. It had been handed down from the mother of the husband of the house, together with two Angkorian-style black-glazed jars, called nyang long ("old jars"), and was considered to be equally old.

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