Ceramics in Mainland Southeast Asia:
Collections in the Freer Gallery of Art and Arthur M. Sackler Gallery

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Jar with paddle-impressed design

  • Stoneware with thin iron glaze
  • 44.2 x 36.3 cm
  • Cizao-related ware
  • 18th-19th century, Qing dynasty
  • Origin: possibly Cizao kilns, Guangdong province, or Fujian province, China
  • Provenance: Vietnam
  • Gift of Osborne and Gratia Hauge, and Victor and Takako Hauge
  • S2005.62


Jar of ovoid form with angular shoulder, short neck, rolled lip and recessed base.
Clay: rosy red stoneware with white specks.
Glaze: brown, low gloss; base unglazed.
Decoration: paddled with a band of short horizontal lines on the shoulder, slanting lines on the body.

Curatorial Remarks

1. (Louise Cort, 30 July 2002) Large Chinese (?) jar.

2. (Candy Chan, May 7, 2003) Jars of this type are in the collection of the National Museum Jakarta (formerly Museum Pusat). They are classified as Chinese jars made in the 18th century (Adhyatman and Ridho 1984, 131, pls. 88–89).

Adhyatman, Sumarah, and Abu Ridho. 1984. Tempayan di Indonesia (Martavans in Indonesia). rev. 2nd ed. Jakarta: Himpunan Keramik Indonesia (The Ceramic Society of Indonesia).

3. (Louise Cort, 1 December 2004) Brown-glazed jars of related form, with rolled rim, short neck, and gently angled high shoulder, and with four horizontal lugs on the shoulder, were recovered from the wreck of the Tek Sing, a Chinese junk that sailed from the harbor of Amoy (Xiamen) in Fujian province in 1822, destined for Batavia (Jakarta). (Nagel Auctions 2000, TS 342, h. 38.5 cm; d. 34.8 cm, and TS 345, h. 39 cm). Sixteen hundred passengers were on board. The cargo included blue-and-white porcelain, celadon, and Dehua white ware ("blanc de chine"), as well as teas, silk, lacquer objects, bamboo furniture, paper, glass beads, mother-of-pearl, tortoiseshell, incense and medicinal materials (ibid., 13). The ship sank in the Gaspar Straits. The cargo was recovered in 1999 and sold at auction in Stuttgart. The two jars were likely contemporary products of local kilns in Fujian or Guangdong province.

Nagel Auctions. 2000. Tek Sing Treasures. Stuttgart: Nagel Auctions.

4. (Louise Cort, 28 January 2005) Marie-France Dupoizat (Dupoizat 1988, 425–26) groups this jar (her H6) among Indochinese jars of unknown origin. "They come without possible doubt from kilns in Indochina in the large sense, probably from kilns of the earliest Indianised states. Their style suggests a very early date of fabrication." (Dupoizat 1988, 420). She weighed this jar at 14.5 kg.

She did not document a place of purchase, and the Hauges did not mention one to me, but Saigon may be likely. The photograph of this jar is included in Victor Hauge's album of Vietnamese ceramics.

Dupoizat, Marie-France. 1988. "Recherches sur les Jarres en Asie du Sud-Est". Ph.D. Thesis, L'École des Hautes Études en Sciences Sociales, Paris.

5. (Louise Cort, 20 June 2005) On 6 May 2004, the Chinese house known as Yinyutang at the Peabody Essex Museum in Salem, Massachusetts, displayed a jar of this type in one room on the second floor. The jar was resting on the floor and covered with a cloth lid. According to curator Nancy Berliner, the pots displayed in the house were acquired with the house, which was formerly located in Qing country, southern Anhui province. Nancy assumed that most of the pots were made at local potteries.

6. (Louise Cort, 12 October 2005) Archaeologist and ceramics specialist Morimoto Asako, Fukuoka, noted a similarity of the clay body (bearing lots of white stones) and other aspects of this jar to S2005.53, and suggested that this could also be from the Cizao kilns in Fujian province.

7. (Louise Cort, 18 October 2006) Ms. Morimoto observed a resemblance between S2005.62 and S2005.54. The former jar bears anvil-impressed patterns of concentric circles on the interior overlaid with paddle-impressed parallel lines. The latter jar also bears paddle-impressed concentric circles. No paddle-impressed concentric circles are found on wares of related jars excavated from Hakata sites; the upper limit for Hakata is 1500, so these jars must be later in date. In the present day, however, jars of this type from the Cizao kilns bear only concentric circles. Could these two jars be almost the same age? S2005.53 (bearing runny brown slip) is also part of the same family.

In her final assessment of vessels in the Hauge collection, Ms. Morimoto grouped S2005.52 and 53 as Cizao-related wares, with S2005.54 and 62 more tentatively related.

8. (Louise Cort, 14 July 2006) According to Dr. Luu Hung and Mrs. Nguyen Thi Hong Mai, Vietnam Museum of Ethnology, Hanoi, the Chinese attribution seemed OK. There are no jars of this type in the VME collection. Mrs. Mai felt the concave base would be strong.

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