Ceramics in Mainland Southeast Asia:
Collections in the Freer Gallery of Art and Arthur M. Sackler Gallery

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Bowl

  • Stoneware with cobalt pigment and white slip under clear glaze; iron wash on base
  • 8.9 x 15.8 cm
  • 15th century, Later Le dynasty
  • Origin: Chu Dau kilns, Hai Duong province, Northern Vietnam
  • Gift of Osborne and Gratia Hauge, and Victor and Takako Hauge
  • S2005.89

Description

Bowl with rounded body, flared rim, carved footring, recessed base applied with chocolate brown wash.
Clay: buff light grey stoneware.
Glaze: clear, glossy, transparent, crazed; mouthrim, footrim and base unglazed.
Decoration: painted with cobalt pigment on white slip. A peony spray encircled by a ring on central medallion, a band of classic scroll round the inside rim, a band of floral and leafy meander on upper half of the exterior body, right above the lotus panels.

Curatorial Remarks

1. (Candy Chan, May 22, 2003) Bowls of this type with a peony spray on interior center, were found in the Hoi An shipwreck, a 15th–16th century cargo that carried mainly ceramics made in the Chu Dau kiln sites in Hai Duong province, Northern Vietnam, in addition to some Thai storage jars. It was discovered off Cu Lao Cham Island in the area of Hoi An town, an ancient trading port in Quang Nam province, Central Vietnam, with over 150,000 intact ceramics on board (Butterfields 2000, 162, pl. 1407).

Shards with the same flower spray on the well of the bowl were excavated from the Chu Dau kilns in Nam Sach district, Hai Duong province, Vietnam (Tăng et al 1993, 47).

Butterfields. 2000. Treasures from the Hoi An Hoard. 2 vols. San Francisco and Los Angeles: Butterfields.

Tăng Bá Hoành, Đang Đình Thể, Vũ Danh Thẳng, Nguyễn Duy Cương, and Nguyễn Khẳc Minh. 1993. Gốm Chu Đậu (Chu Dau Ceramics of Vietnam). Hải Hưng: Bảo tàng tỉnh Hải Hưng (Museum of Hai Hung province).

2. (Louise Cort, 15 January 2007) Bui Minh Tri and Kery Nguyen-Long date bowls of this type to the 15th century and term them "Chu Dau style" (Bùi and Nguyễn-Long 2001, 257, fig. 27).

Bùi Minh Trí, and Kerry Nguyễn-Long. 2001. Gốm Hoa Lam Việt Nam (Vietnamese Blue and White Ceramics). Hanoi: Nhà xuảt bấn khoa học xā hội (Social sciences publishing house).


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